Interactive multimedia and learning: realizing the benefits

Sandra Cairncross, Mike Mannion

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

127 Citations (Scopus)


Many people argue that interactive multimedia has the potential to create high quality learning environments which actively engage the learner, thereby promoting deep learning. However there is growing evidence that the potential of interactive multimedia is not being fulfilled. This paper argues that if we are to design effective interactive learning application then a user-centred approach to their design should be taken. This approach should be based on general human-computer interaction principles as well as educational theory. The paper starts with an overview of the learning process. Consideration is then given to how the key elements of interactive multimedia (multiple media, user control over the delivery of information, and interactivity) can be used to enhance that process, with the emphasis being on promoting deep learning. The paper concludes by giving suggestions for future work.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)156-164
Number of pages9
JournalInnovations in Education and Teaching International
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2001


  • virtual learning environments
  • interactive learning
  • interactive media
  • effective learning


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