Instrumentation in experimentation

Anand D. Pandyan*, Frederike van Wijck, Garth R. Johnson

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


This chapter discusses the use of instruments in experimentation. It examines the concept of measurement, considering what people might choose to measure and then, how people can measure using instrumentation. The chapter describes the basic components of a measurement system and explains its successive functions. It then illustrates different types of measurement systems with examples of how instrumentation has been used in human performance. A measurement system is a configuration of elements that interact with each other to quantify a specific phenomenon for assessment, analysis or control purposes. Accuracy and precision express the quality of data that a system will measure. Measuring any phenomenon without the assistance of instrumentation generally leads to data of nominal or ordinal levels. A benefit of using instrumentation may be that it provides more information. Measurement tools with quantitative scales give greater resolution, a higher level of detail, than qualitative scales.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationResearch Methods for Postgraduates
Subtitle of host publicationThird Edition
EditorsTony Greenfield, Sue Greener
PublisherJohn Wiley and Sons Ltd
Number of pages14
ISBN (Electronic)9781118763025
ISBN (Print)9781118341469
Publication statusPublished - 8 Sep 2016


  • data quality
  • human performance
  • improved accuracy
  • instrument experimentation
  • measurement systems

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mathematics(all)


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