Implementation of the Frailty Care Bundle (FCB) to promote mobilisation, nutrition and cognitive engagement in older people in acute care settings: protocol for an implementation science study

Corina Naughton, Helen Cummins, Marguerite de Foubert, Francis Barry, Ruth McCullagh, Teresa Wills, Dawn Skelton, Darren Dahly, Brendon Palmer, Aileen Murphy, Sheena McHugh, Denis O'Mahoney, Salvatore Tedesco, Bridie O'Sullivan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Older people are among the most vulnerable patients in acute care hospitals. The hospitalisation process can result in newly acquired functional or cognitive deficits termed hospital associated decline (HAD). Prioritising fundamental care including mobilisation, nutrition, and cognitive engagement can reduce HAD risk.
Aim: The Frailty Care Bundle (FCB) intervention aims to implement and evaluate evidence-based principles on early mobilisation, enhanced nutrition and increased cognitive engagement to prevent functional decline and HAD in older patients.
Methods: A hybrid implementation science study will use a pragmatic prospective cohort design with a pre-post mixed methods evaluation to test the effect of the FCB on patient, staff, and health service outcomes. The evaluation will include a description of the implementation process, intervention adaptations, and economic costs analysis. The protocol follows the Standards for Reporting Implementation Studies (StaRI).
The intervention design and implementation strategy will utilise the behaviour change theory COM-B (capability, motivation, opportunity) and the Promoting Action on Research Implementation in Health Services (i-PARIHS). A clinical facilitator will use a co-production approach with staff. All patients will receive care as normal, the intervention is delivered at ward level and focuses on nurses and health care assistants (HCA) normative clinical practices.
The intervention will be delivered in three hospitals on six wards including rehabilitation, acute trauma, medical and older adult wards.
Evaluation: The evaluation will recruit a volunteer sample of 180 patients aged 65 years or older (pre 90; post 90 patients). The primary outcomes are measures of functional status (modified Barthel Index (MBI)) and mobilisation measured as average daily step count using accelerometers. Process data will include ward activity mapping, staff surveys and interviews and an economic cost-impact analysis.
Conclusions: This is a complex intervention that involves ward and system level changes and has the potential to improve outcomes for older patients.
Original languageEnglish
JournalHRB Open Research
Volume5
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 11 Jan 2022

Keywords

  • nurses
  • multidisciplinary
  • older people
  • nutrition
  • mobilisation
  • cognitive engagement
  • fundamental care
  • hospital associated decline
  • functional decline
  • implementation science
  • behaviour change theory

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