Implementation of a frailty care bundle (FCB) targeting mobilisation, nutrition and cognitive engagement to reduce hospital associated decline in older orthopaedic trauma patients : pretest-posttest intervention study

Corina Naughton, Marguerite de Foubert, Helen Cummins, Ruth McCullagh, Teresa Wills, Dawn Skelton, Sheena McHugh, Denis O'Mahoney, E. Ahern, Salvatore Tedesco, B. O'Sullivan, Darren Dahly

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Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To implement and evaluate a Frailty Care Bundle (FCB) targeting mobilisation, nutrition, and cognition in older trauma patients to reduce hospital associated decline.

METHODS: We used a two group, pretest-posttest design. The FCB intervention was delivered on two orthopaedic wards and two rehabilitation wards, guided by behaviour change theory (COM-B) to implement changes in ward routines (patient mobility goals, nurse assisted mobilisation, mealtimes, communication). Primary outcomes were patient participants' return to pre-trauma functional capability (modified Barthel Index - mBI) at 6-8 weeks post-hospital discharge and average hospital daily step-count. Statistical analysis compared pre versus post FCB group differences using ordinal regression and log-linear models.

RESULTS: We recruited 120 patients (pre n=60 and post n=60), and 74 (pre n=43, post n=36) were retained at follow-up. Median age was 78 years and 83% were female. There was a non-significant trend for higher mBI scores (improved function) in the post compared to pre FCB group (OR 2.29, 95% CI 0.98-5.36), associated with an average 11% increase in step-count.

CONCLUSION: It was feasible, during the Covid-19 pandemic, for multidisciplinary teams to implement elements of the FCB. Clinical facilitation supported teams to prioritise fundamental care above competing demands, but sustainability requires ongoing attention. ISRCTN registry: ISRCTN15145850 (https://doi.org/10.1186/ISRCTN15145850).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)32-50
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of Frailty, Sarcopenia and Falls
Volume9
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2024

Keywords

  • fundamental care
  • mobilisation
  • nutrition
  • cognitive wellbeing
  • behaviour change
  • functional outcomes
  • nursing
  • older adults
  • acute hospitals
  • orthopaedic
  • rehabilitation
  • care bundle
  • frailty

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