Hue manifold

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12 Citations (Scopus)


It is generally accepted that hues can be arranged so as to make a circle. The circular representation of hue has been supported by multidimensional scaling, which allows for the representation of a set of colored papers as a configuration in a Euclidean space where the distances between the papers correspond to the perceptual dissimilarities between them. In particular, when papers of various hues are evenly illuminated, they are arranged in a one-dimensional circular configuration. However, under variegated illumination we show that the same papers in fact make a two-dimensional configuration that resembles a torus.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2551-2557
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of the Optical Society of America A
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2010


  • optics
  • vision sciences


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