How today's biotechnology is modifying the future

Munis Dundar, Ruslan Bayramov, Kevan Gartland

Research output: Contribution to conferenceAbstract

Abstract

HOW TODAY'S BIOTECHNOLOGY IS MODIFYING THE FUTURE
Munis Dundar1, Ruslan Bayramov1, Kevan Gartland2
1Medical Genetics Department, Erciyes University, Kayseri, Turkey
2 Life Sciences, Glasgow Caledonian University, Glasgow, Scotland
e-mail: dundar@erciyes.edu.tr
Currently we are witnessing how the future is taking form through the descriptions from
sci-fi books and movies, today’s developments throughout biotechnology is a messenger of
this evolution. Today we can edit genomes, use artificial intelligence (AI) to solve problems
more efficiently and quickly, obtain new products via synthetic biology, prevent diseases
with new reproductive technologies etc.
AI has already been tested in different fields of biotechnology. There are many laboratory scale
studies with positive results and it is time for experimenting with large industrial scale
bioreactors, where many limitations make mechanistic models difficult to formulate and
apply. The AI methods including artificial neural networks, fuzzy logic, genetic algorithms,
expert systems etc. expected to be widely used in near future.
Although, there were previously genome editing tools such as ZFNs and TALENs current
CRISPR/Cas9 method seems to be more precise and efficient. We already see the benefits
of these tools; in scientific research, medicine and agriculture.
Next Generation Sequencing platforms evolve very rapidly in hardware and in
software. Today long reads and single DNA molecule sequencing methods with reliable
results are a priority of developers. Also, the efforts regarding to lower the price of whole
genome and exome sequencing is showing its favourable outcome. This issue is very
important in the development of the preventive, predictive and precision medicine.
International associations such as the European Biotechnology Thematic Network
Association have huge responsibility in making available these new developments for
everyone, be the voice and platform for scientists and keeping updated specialists and
students in their specific fields.
Keywords: Biotechnology; Genome editing; Synthetic biology; NGS; EBTNA
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusAccepted/In press - Nov 2018

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    Dundar, M., Bayramov, R., & Gartland, K. (Accepted/In press). How today's biotechnology is modifying the future.