Hepatitis E virus genotype 3 in shellfish, United Kingdom

Claire Crossan, Paul Baker, John Craft, Takeuchi Yasu, Harry Dalton, Linda Scobie

Research output: Contribution to journalLetterpeer-review

127 Citations (Scopus)


Bivalve mollusks (shellfish), such as mussels and oysters, are filter feeders; they concentrate microorganisms of human and animal origin (up to 100×) from the surrounding environment. Several recent reports have linked the incidence of human infection with hepatitis E virus (HEV) to consumption of undercooked pork, game products, and shellfish (1,2). Infectious HEV has been found in swine manure and wastewater (3); therefore, application of manure to land and subsequent runoff could contaminate coastal water, leading to contamination of shellfish and, subsequently, possible human infection.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2085-2087
Number of pages2
JournalEmerging Infectious Diseases
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2012


  • hepatitis E
  • shellfish
  • emerging infectious diseases
  • EU regulations


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