Hepatitis C test uptake among historic blood transfusion recipients following media coverage of the Penrose Inquiry and an awareness-raising campaign

Allan McLeod, Amanda Weir, Sharon J Hutchinson, David J. Goldberg

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Abstract

The final report of the Penrose Inquiry into historic transmission of HIV and hepatitis C (HCV) through blood transfusion/products in Scotland was published in March 2015 and recommended “everyone who had received a blood transfusion prior to 1991 and who had not had a test for HCV should be offered one.” A targeted awareness-raising campaign to encourage such individuals to be tested was launched in October 2016. We examined HCV testing undertaken in 2015-2016 in three NHS boards in Scotland to evaluate impact of these events. Statistical process control was used to monitor trends in individuals tested and those mentioning transfusion. HCV positivity was calculated and multivariate logistic regression was used to examine factors associated with mention of transfusion. A total of 22 842 individuals received an HCV test in 2015-2016 and 3% of those with clinical information mentioned transfusion. The total number of HCV tests was significantly higher in the week following the Penrose Report and the number mentioning transfusion was significantly higher for three weeks. There was no significant increase following the awareness-raising campaign. Women and those aged over 50 years were the most likely to have mentioned transfusion. Overall HCV positivity was 3.7% and
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)93-100
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Viral Hepatitis
Volume26
Issue number1
Early online date13 Oct 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2019

Keywords

  • hepatitis C
  • HIV
  • blood transfusion
  • Penrose Inquiry

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