Glasgow Caledonian University hub and spoke model for undergraduate nursing practice learning

Jacqueline McCallum, Chris Darbyshire

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperpeer-review


Glasgow Caledonian University (GCU) is committed to providing practice learning experiences which maximise learning opportunities, enhance student learning and ensure that the Nursing and Midwifery Council (NMC, 2010) statutory and professional outcomes and standards of proficiency for entry into the appropriate parts of the professional register can be met.

By providing a practice learning experience Hub and Spoke model that guarantees that the aforementioned aspects are met, GCU is ensuring that pre–registration degree undergraduate nursing students who complete the 3 or 4 year programmes are fit for purpose, practice and award, so that they are able to gain entry to the appropriate register. Following review of literature and evaluation from NES demonstration sites GCU is planning to commence a Hub and Spoke Model in the undergraduate nursing programmes from September 2012 intake. This model will involve students being placed in a ‘Hub’ placement over the three year programme and then undertaking ‘spoke’ placements attached to the their ‘Hub’ in order to maximise practice learning experiences’

To meet the NMC requirements, students need to gain exposure and practice centred care in a variety of learning environments, 24 hour care and alternative fields of nursing. By undertaking a Hub and Spoke practice model students will be prepared to practise safely, effectively and achieve professional competence. The development of the nursing curricular recognises that students must be actively involved in nursing care under supervision. The hub and spoke model can also meet the Quality Assurance Agency (QAA) which states that an “effective placement learning opportunity is one in which the aims and intended learning outcomes are clearly defined and understood by all parties and where the responsibilities of the higher education institution, placement provider and student are made explicit”.

Current NHS reconfiguration, the increased demands of an all graduate profession, and changes to the practice learning experiences that emphasise inter professional learning recognises that as a profession we need to consider alternatives to the present system of providing nursing students with practice experience (Mallabar and Turner 2004). It is intended that the proposed Hub and Spoke placement pattern would enhance the student’s practice experience by shifting the emphasis from a university dictated regime to a more collaborative learning experience where the mentor and student would be free to shape the student’s learning experiences. The presentation would discuss the GCU Hub and Spoke model which has the potential to lay the foundations of a future practice focused model of action learning (Marlow et al 2008).
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 2012


  • hub and spoke
  • practice learning
  • mentorship


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