Functional living in older adults with type 2 diabetes: executive functioning, dual task performance, and the impact on postural stability and motor control

Michael A. Smith, Jane E. Else, Lorna Paul, Jonathan K. Foster, Mark Walker, Keith A. Wesnes, Leigh M. Riby

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    Objective: Older adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2) experience accelerated age-related decline in some domains of cognition. The present study sought to investigate executive functioning and dual tasking capacities in this group.
    Method: Older adults with DM2 and age-matched controls completed self-report measures assessing everyday activities, a comprehensive cognitive battery and more specific tasks assessing executive functioning, dual tasking, postural stability, and motor control.
    Results: Executive abilities were particularly compromised in the participants with DM2. Furthermore, the DM2 group exhibited reduced postural stability under dual task conditions.
    Discussion: These findings suggest that deficits in more complex cognitive activities underlie the decline in everyday function in DM2.
    Original languageUndefined/Unknown
    Pages (from-to)841-859
    Number of pages19
    JournalJournal of Aging and Health
    Volume26
    Issue number5
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 4 Jun 2014

    Keywords

    • type 2 diabetes
    • dual tasking
    • postural stability
    • functional living
    • executive functioning

    Cite this

    Smith, Michael A. ; Else, Jane E. ; Paul, Lorna ; Foster, Jonathan K. ; Walker, Mark ; Wesnes, Keith A. ; Riby, Leigh M. / Functional living in older adults with type 2 diabetes: executive functioning, dual task performance, and the impact on postural stability and motor control. In: Journal of Aging and Health. 2014 ; Vol. 26, No. 5. pp. 841-859.
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    keywords = "type 2 diabetes, dual tasking, postural stability, functional living, executive functioning",
    author = "Smith, {Michael A.} and Else, {Jane E.} and Lorna Paul and Foster, {Jonathan K.} and Mark Walker and Wesnes, {Keith A.} and Riby, {Leigh M.}",
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    Functional living in older adults with type 2 diabetes: executive functioning, dual task performance, and the impact on postural stability and motor control. / Smith, Michael A.; Else, Jane E.; Paul, Lorna; Foster, Jonathan K.; Walker, Mark; Wesnes, Keith A.; Riby, Leigh M.

    In: Journal of Aging and Health, Vol. 26, No. 5, 04.06.2014, p. 841-859.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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    AU - Smith, Michael A.

    AU - Else, Jane E.

    AU - Paul, Lorna

    AU - Foster, Jonathan K.

    AU - Walker, Mark

    AU - Wesnes, Keith A.

    AU - Riby, Leigh M.

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    N2 - Objective: Older adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2) experience accelerated age-related decline in some domains of cognition. The present study sought to investigate executive functioning and dual tasking capacities in this group.Method: Older adults with DM2 and age-matched controls completed self-report measures assessing everyday activities, a comprehensive cognitive battery and more specific tasks assessing executive functioning, dual tasking, postural stability, and motor control.Results: Executive abilities were particularly compromised in the participants with DM2. Furthermore, the DM2 group exhibited reduced postural stability under dual task conditions.Discussion: These findings suggest that deficits in more complex cognitive activities underlie the decline in everyday function in DM2.

    AB - Objective: Older adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2) experience accelerated age-related decline in some domains of cognition. The present study sought to investigate executive functioning and dual tasking capacities in this group.Method: Older adults with DM2 and age-matched controls completed self-report measures assessing everyday activities, a comprehensive cognitive battery and more specific tasks assessing executive functioning, dual tasking, postural stability, and motor control.Results: Executive abilities were particularly compromised in the participants with DM2. Furthermore, the DM2 group exhibited reduced postural stability under dual task conditions.Discussion: These findings suggest that deficits in more complex cognitive activities underlie the decline in everyday function in DM2.

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