Full-day physical activity and sedentary behaviour levels of typically developing children and adolescents in the middle east: a systematic review

Esraa Burahmah, Sivaramkumar Shanmugam, Ben Stansfield*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

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Abstract

Physical activity (PA) and sedentary behaviour (SB) are important components of physical behaviour associated with long-term health outcomes. Environmental and cultural factors may influence physical behaviour. To explore full day PA and SB in children and adolescents (2–18 years old) in the Middle East, a systematic literature review was performed including 183 journal articles. A wide range of PA and SB outcomes were reported, in some cases making synthesis of results difficult. As a consequence, results were generally reported narratively (MVPA time, total PA, SB time). Meta-regression of daily step count revealed females took 4600 fewer steps than males, with 3000 fewer steps on weekdays than weekends, and overweight individuals taking 2800 fewer steps/day. Steps decreased with age. Meta-regression for TV viewing time demonstrated an increase by 0.04 h per year of age. Even though environmental and cultural conditions may be different, PA and SB of children and adolescents in the Middle East were largely comparable to those of Europeans and North Americans. The wide range of data collection instruments used (both self-report questionnaire and body-worn devices) and heterogeneity of data made synthesis of reported data across studies very difficult, suggesting a need for greater standardisation of data collection methods.

Original languageEnglish
Article number6940
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Volume20
Issue number20
Early online date19 Oct 2023
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2023

Keywords

  • adolescents
  • body-worn sensor
  • children
  • culture
  • environment
  • Middle East
  • physical activity
  • physical behaviour
  • sedentary behaviour
  • self-report

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pollution
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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