In this Letter, we introduce fractional bit encoded (FBE)-spatial modulation (SM), which is a novel and more versatile SM scheme that allows the transmitter to be equipped with an arbitrary number of antennas. The solution is based on the theory of modulus conversion, and is especially useful for compact mobile devices where cost and space constraints pose fundamental limits on the achievable bit rate. Numerical results will show that FBE-SM can offer design flexibility and the desired trade-off in terms of attainable performance and capacity.
- spatial modulation
- mobile devices