The finite element method has been used with considerable success to simulate the behaviour of various joints such as the hip, knee and shoulder. It has had less impact on more complicated joints such as the wrist and the ankle. Previously published finite element studies on these multi-bone joints have needed to introduce un-physiological boundary conditions in order to establish numerical convergence of the model simulation. That is necessary since the stabilizing soft tissue mechanism of these joints is usually too elaborate in order to be fully included both anatomically and with regard to material properties.
- human wrist
- bone joints
- simulation model
Gislason, M. K., Stansfield, B., & Nash, D. H. (2010). Finite element model creation and stability considerations of complex biological articulation: the human wrist joint. Medical Engineering and Physics, 32(5), 523-531. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.medengphy.2010.02.015