Factors associated with fatigue in hip and/or knee osteoarthritis: a systematic review and best evidence synthesis

Henrietta O. Fawole, Opeyemi A. Idowu, Ukachukwu O. Abaraogu, Andrea Dell'Isola, Jody L. Riskowski, Kayode I. Oke, Ade F. Adeniyi, Chidozie E. Mbada, Martijn P. Steultjens, Sebastien F.M. Chastin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)
119 Downloads (Pure)


Objective: The aim was systematically to identify and evaluate factors related to fatigue in individuals with hip and/or knee OA.

Methods: A systematic literature search was conducted using AMED, CINAHL, MEDLINE, ProQuest and Web of Science Core Collections databases. Inclusion criteria comprised cross-sectional, case-control or longitudinal studies on patients with a diagnosis of hip and/or knee OA that included self-reported fatigue measures. Study quality was assessed using the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute quality appraisal tool, and factors were synthesized within a bio-behavioural framework. Study designs and quality were combined to determine current evidence levels using best evidence synthesis grading. The full review protocol is available from PROSPERO (PROSPERO 2019: CRD42019138571).

Results: Twenty-four studies were included, of which 19 were high, 4 moderate and 1 low quality. There was strong evidence of an association between poor self-reported physical function and high depressive symptoms with higher fatigue. Moderate evidence of an association was found between severe pain, high numbers of co-morbidities and low physical activity levels with higher fatigue. There was moderate or limited evidence of no association between most sociodemographic factors and radiographic OA severity with fatigue.

Conclusion: Targets for fatigue management might include improving physical function, reducing depressive symptoms, pain and co-morbidities, and increasing physical activity levels. There is a need for more rigorous longitudinal studies to understand the causal effect of fatigue determinants within the hip and knee OA populations.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberrkab013
Pages (from-to)1-14
Number of pages14
JournalRheumatology Advances in Practice
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 26 Feb 2021


  • predictors
  • fatigue
  • osteoarthritis
  • correlates
  • systematic review
  • factors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rheumatology


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