Factors affecting motion integration

Gunter Loffler, Harry S. Orbach

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The perceived direction of motion of a featureless contour inside a circular aperture is always perpendicular to the contour’s orientation, regardless of its true motion (the aperture problem). This study investigates the circumstances under which unambiguous feature motion (of line terminators, single dots, or truncations of a D6 pattern) in adjacent apertures can alter the perceived direction of such featureless contours. We find that integration mechanisms responsible for motion capture are fairly robust against misorientations and contrast manipulations of individual components, are sensitive to differences in spatial frequencies, and scale with pattern size. Motion capture is not diminished when a D6 profile is substituted for the square-pulse profile of a line and is independent of the visibility of the apertures, indicating that object interpretations and three-dimensional analyses of a scene are less important than has been postulated previously. These results have strong implications for the neuronal hardware underlying the integration of motion signals across space and provide a framework for global motion models.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of the Optical Society of America A
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2003

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Visibility
apertures
Hardware
terminator lines
profiles
Direction compound
visibility
misalignment
manipulators
hardware
pulses
approximation

Keywords

  • vision sciences
  • motion

Cite this

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abstract = "The perceived direction of motion of a featureless contour inside a circular aperture is always perpendicular to the contour’s orientation, regardless of its true motion (the aperture problem). This study investigates the circumstances under which unambiguous feature motion (of line terminators, single dots, or truncations of a D6 pattern) in adjacent apertures can alter the perceived direction of such featureless contours. We find that integration mechanisms responsible for motion capture are fairly robust against misorientations and contrast manipulations of individual components, are sensitive to differences in spatial frequencies, and scale with pattern size. Motion capture is not diminished when a D6 profile is substituted for the square-pulse profile of a line and is independent of the visibility of the apertures, indicating that object interpretations and three-dimensional analyses of a scene are less important than has been postulated previously. These results have strong implications for the neuronal hardware underlying the integration of motion signals across space and provide a framework for global motion models.",
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Factors affecting motion integration. / Loffler, Gunter; Orbach, Harry S.

In: Journal of the Optical Society of America A, 01.08.2003.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Loffler, Gunter

AU - Orbach, Harry S.

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AB - The perceived direction of motion of a featureless contour inside a circular aperture is always perpendicular to the contour’s orientation, regardless of its true motion (the aperture problem). This study investigates the circumstances under which unambiguous feature motion (of line terminators, single dots, or truncations of a D6 pattern) in adjacent apertures can alter the perceived direction of such featureless contours. We find that integration mechanisms responsible for motion capture are fairly robust against misorientations and contrast manipulations of individual components, are sensitive to differences in spatial frequencies, and scale with pattern size. Motion capture is not diminished when a D6 profile is substituted for the square-pulse profile of a line and is independent of the visibility of the apertures, indicating that object interpretations and three-dimensional analyses of a scene are less important than has been postulated previously. These results have strong implications for the neuronal hardware underlying the integration of motion signals across space and provide a framework for global motion models.

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