Exploring the contribution of case study research to the evidence base for occupational therapy practice

Leona McQuaid*, Katie Thomson, Katrina Bannigan

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: This scoping review will explore the range and characteristics of case study research within the occupational therapy evidence base. It will examine how case study research is defined, the methodologies adopted and the context in which it is applied. Most importantly, it will consider the viability of case study research for contributing to the evidence base for occupation and health.

Introduction: Occupational therapists report barriers to conducting research due to the complexities of clinical practice, lack of knowledge, time and resources. Case study research is generating interest as a potentially manageable and practical solution to increase research engagement. However, it is not clear how this is being utilized by occupational therapists or how feasible it is to contribute to the evidence base.

Inclusion criteria: Opinion, text and empirical studies which explicitly use or discuss case study research methodology within an occupational therapy context will be included. Studies will be excluded where the occupational therapy context cannot be clearly defined, for example, multi-disciplinary focused, or where a case study research design is not explicit, for example, a descriptive case report without data collection. All countries and practice settings will be included.

Methods: A three step extensive search following JBI methodology will be conducted across databases and websites for English language, published, peer reviewed and gray literature from 1990. Study selection will be completed by two independent reviewers. A data extraction table developed and piloted by the authors will be used and data charted to align with the research questions.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2040-2047
Number of pages8
JournalJBI Evidence Synthesis
Volume19
Issue number8
Early online date10 May 2021
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2021

Keywords

  • case study research
  • evidence-based practice
  • occupational therapy
  • single-case

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