Evaluating wind technicians performance on safety critical rescue steps

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Abstract

Purpose: This paper reports the results of an analysis of a subset of data from a larger study on skill decay. It evaluates the performance levels of wind technicians at one and three months on safety critical steps using Situational Judgement Tests (SJT) and Job Knowledge Tests (JKT) to assess their emergency rescue and evacuation proficiency. Design/methodology/approach: The research design is a repeat measures study (longitudinal), using SJT and JKT to assess job-specific knowledge; the extent of knowledge technicians acquired regarding effective and ineffective courses of action in job-related situations; assessing a variety of situations; and measure various kinds of procedural knowledge such as critical decision-making situations. It measured procedural knowledge in addition to aspects of declarative knowledge and fluid abilities and this was considered as a good predictor of performance for wind technicians. Findings: The results show that rescue and evacuation skills decay at one and three months after the wind turbine rescue and evacuation training with 47% and 20% of technicians experiencing such decay in their skills and knowledge. However, relying only on the high knowledge proficiency gives a false sense of security in terms of overall procedural competence of the technicians. This study demonstrates to what extent new technicians struggle to sustain their competence without any form of practice. Practical implications: This study reaffirms that the commonly used rescue device lack task steps that are cued by the previous sequence of steps or by the equipment. Therefore, technicians tend to easily forget some of the procedural and safety critical steps that are inherent to the device. These findings have practical implications for activities involving rescue and evacuation of workers, e.g. crane driver rescue. Research implications: The implementation of SJT and JKT in this study indicates that skill decay takes place within the first four weeks after acquisition. Likewise, job knowledge is more resistant to decay as compared to skill tasks over the three months retention time frame for both refresher and new wind technicians. Originality/value: The results of this paper build on existing knowledge by extending SJT and JKT theory to field-based applications within the wind energy.Keywords: Health & safety; Knowledge management; Education & training; Safety & hazardsPaper type: Research paper
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)17-24
JournalProceedings of the ICE - Management, Procurement and Law
Volume172
Issue number1
Early online date12 Jun 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2019

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Cranes
Knowledge management
Wind turbines
Wind power
Education
Decision making
Health
Fluids
Safety
Decay
Evacuation
Procedural knowledge
Research design
Workers
Design methodology
Performance levels
Wind energy
Longitudinal study
Predictors
Key words

Keywords

  • Health & safety
  • Knowledge management
  • safety & hazards
  • wind technicians
  • situational judgement tests
  • job knowledge tests

Cite this

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title = "Evaluating wind technicians performance on safety critical rescue steps",
abstract = "Purpose: This paper reports the results of an analysis of a subset of data from a larger study on skill decay. It evaluates the performance levels of wind technicians at one and three months on safety critical steps using Situational Judgement Tests (SJT) and Job Knowledge Tests (JKT) to assess their emergency rescue and evacuation proficiency. Design/methodology/approach: The research design is a repeat measures study (longitudinal), using SJT and JKT to assess job-specific knowledge; the extent of knowledge technicians acquired regarding effective and ineffective courses of action in job-related situations; assessing a variety of situations; and measure various kinds of procedural knowledge such as critical decision-making situations. It measured procedural knowledge in addition to aspects of declarative knowledge and fluid abilities and this was considered as a good predictor of performance for wind technicians. Findings: The results show that rescue and evacuation skills decay at one and three months after the wind turbine rescue and evacuation training with 47{\%} and 20{\%} of technicians experiencing such decay in their skills and knowledge. However, relying only on the high knowledge proficiency gives a false sense of security in terms of overall procedural competence of the technicians. This study demonstrates to what extent new technicians struggle to sustain their competence without any form of practice. Practical implications: This study reaffirms that the commonly used rescue device lack task steps that are cued by the previous sequence of steps or by the equipment. Therefore, technicians tend to easily forget some of the procedural and safety critical steps that are inherent to the device. These findings have practical implications for activities involving rescue and evacuation of workers, e.g. crane driver rescue. Research implications: The implementation of SJT and JKT in this study indicates that skill decay takes place within the first four weeks after acquisition. Likewise, job knowledge is more resistant to decay as compared to skill tasks over the three months retention time frame for both refresher and new wind technicians. Originality/value: The results of this paper build on existing knowledge by extending SJT and JKT theory to field-based applications within the wind energy.Keywords: Health & safety; Knowledge management; Education & training; Safety & hazardsPaper type: Research paper",
keywords = "Health & safety, Knowledge management, safety & hazards, wind technicians, situational judgement tests, job knowledge tests",
author = "Kenneth Lawani and Billy Hare and Iain Cameron",
note = "Acceptance in SAN AAM: 12m",
year = "2019",
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doi = "10.1680/jmapl.18.00002",
language = "English",
volume = "172",
pages = "17--24",
journal = "Proceedings of the ICE - Management, Procurement and Law",
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T1 - Evaluating wind technicians performance on safety critical rescue steps

AU - Lawani, Kenneth

AU - Hare, Billy

AU - Cameron, Iain

N1 - Acceptance in SAN AAM: 12m

PY - 2019/2/1

Y1 - 2019/2/1

N2 - Purpose: This paper reports the results of an analysis of a subset of data from a larger study on skill decay. It evaluates the performance levels of wind technicians at one and three months on safety critical steps using Situational Judgement Tests (SJT) and Job Knowledge Tests (JKT) to assess their emergency rescue and evacuation proficiency. Design/methodology/approach: The research design is a repeat measures study (longitudinal), using SJT and JKT to assess job-specific knowledge; the extent of knowledge technicians acquired regarding effective and ineffective courses of action in job-related situations; assessing a variety of situations; and measure various kinds of procedural knowledge such as critical decision-making situations. It measured procedural knowledge in addition to aspects of declarative knowledge and fluid abilities and this was considered as a good predictor of performance for wind technicians. Findings: The results show that rescue and evacuation skills decay at one and three months after the wind turbine rescue and evacuation training with 47% and 20% of technicians experiencing such decay in their skills and knowledge. However, relying only on the high knowledge proficiency gives a false sense of security in terms of overall procedural competence of the technicians. This study demonstrates to what extent new technicians struggle to sustain their competence without any form of practice. Practical implications: This study reaffirms that the commonly used rescue device lack task steps that are cued by the previous sequence of steps or by the equipment. Therefore, technicians tend to easily forget some of the procedural and safety critical steps that are inherent to the device. These findings have practical implications for activities involving rescue and evacuation of workers, e.g. crane driver rescue. Research implications: The implementation of SJT and JKT in this study indicates that skill decay takes place within the first four weeks after acquisition. Likewise, job knowledge is more resistant to decay as compared to skill tasks over the three months retention time frame for both refresher and new wind technicians. Originality/value: The results of this paper build on existing knowledge by extending SJT and JKT theory to field-based applications within the wind energy.Keywords: Health & safety; Knowledge management; Education & training; Safety & hazardsPaper type: Research paper

AB - Purpose: This paper reports the results of an analysis of a subset of data from a larger study on skill decay. It evaluates the performance levels of wind technicians at one and three months on safety critical steps using Situational Judgement Tests (SJT) and Job Knowledge Tests (JKT) to assess their emergency rescue and evacuation proficiency. Design/methodology/approach: The research design is a repeat measures study (longitudinal), using SJT and JKT to assess job-specific knowledge; the extent of knowledge technicians acquired regarding effective and ineffective courses of action in job-related situations; assessing a variety of situations; and measure various kinds of procedural knowledge such as critical decision-making situations. It measured procedural knowledge in addition to aspects of declarative knowledge and fluid abilities and this was considered as a good predictor of performance for wind technicians. Findings: The results show that rescue and evacuation skills decay at one and three months after the wind turbine rescue and evacuation training with 47% and 20% of technicians experiencing such decay in their skills and knowledge. However, relying only on the high knowledge proficiency gives a false sense of security in terms of overall procedural competence of the technicians. This study demonstrates to what extent new technicians struggle to sustain their competence without any form of practice. Practical implications: This study reaffirms that the commonly used rescue device lack task steps that are cued by the previous sequence of steps or by the equipment. Therefore, technicians tend to easily forget some of the procedural and safety critical steps that are inherent to the device. These findings have practical implications for activities involving rescue and evacuation of workers, e.g. crane driver rescue. Research implications: The implementation of SJT and JKT in this study indicates that skill decay takes place within the first four weeks after acquisition. Likewise, job knowledge is more resistant to decay as compared to skill tasks over the three months retention time frame for both refresher and new wind technicians. Originality/value: The results of this paper build on existing knowledge by extending SJT and JKT theory to field-based applications within the wind energy.Keywords: Health & safety; Knowledge management; Education & training; Safety & hazardsPaper type: Research paper

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KW - Knowledge management

KW - safety & hazards

KW - wind technicians

KW - situational judgement tests

KW - job knowledge tests

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DO - 10.1680/jmapl.18.00002

M3 - Article

VL - 172

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EP - 24

JO - Proceedings of the ICE - Management, Procurement and Law

JF - Proceedings of the ICE - Management, Procurement and Law

SN - 1751-4304

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