Establishing reporting standards for participant characteristics in post-stroke aphasia research: an international e-Delphi exercise and consensus meeting

Sarah J. Wallace*, Megan Isaacs, Myzoon Ali, Marian C. Brady

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: To establish international, multidisciplinary expert consensus on minimum participant characteristic reporting standards in aphasia research (DESCRIBE project). Methods: An international, three-round e-Delphi exercise and consensus meeting, involving multidisciplinary researchers, clinicians, and journal editors working academically or clinically in the field of aphasia. Results: Round one of the DESCRIBE e-Delphi exercise (n=156) generated 113 items, 20 of which reached consensus by round three. The final consensus meeting (n=19 participants) established DESCRIBE’s 14 participant characteristics that should be reported in aphasia studies: age; years of education; biological sex; language of treatment/testing; primary language; languages used; history of condition(s) known to impact communication/cognition; history of previous stroke; lesion hemisphere; time since onset of aphasia; conditions arising from the neurological event; and, for communication partner participants, age, biological sex, and relationship to person with aphasia. Each characteristic has been defined and matched with standard response options to enable consistent reporting. Conclusion: Aphasia research studies should report the 14 DESCRIBE participant characteristics as a minimum. Consistent adherence to the DESCRIBE minimum reporting standard will reduce research wastage and facilitate evidence-based aphasia management by enabling replication and collation of research findings, and translation of evidence into practice.
Original languageEnglish
JournalClinical Rehabilitation
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 16 Sep 2022

Keywords

  • reporting standards
  • participant characteristics
  • aphasia
  • stroke
  • treatment

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