Environmental medicine

Elisabeth Presterl*, Magda Diab-El Schahawi*, Luigi Segagni Lusignani, Helga Paula, Jacqui S. Reilly

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter (peer-reviewed)peer-review


Over the last decades, the effects of the physical environment have proven to be increasingly relevant on the healing process and well-being of people/patients. Factors such as noise play an important role in health maintenance and physical recovery after disease. The World Health Organization (WHO) has published guidelines for community noise with reference values for noise management in different settings (WHO guidelines for community noise, 1999). We therefore decided to include a chapter on environmental medicine, focusing on noise and air pollution in particular mold, in our book. The field of environmental medicine has developed from various disciplines.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationBasic Microbiology and Infection Control for Midwives
Number of pages4
ISBN (Electronic)9783030020262
ISBN (Print)9783030020255
Publication statusPublished - 2019


  • noise
  • air pollutants
  • mold


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