Impairment of vision is associated with a loss of function in activities of daily living. Avoidance of physical activity and consequent reduced functional capacity is common in older people with visual impairment and an important risk factor for falls. Indeed, the rate of falls and fractures is higher in older people with visual impairment than age-matched visually normal older people. Depression and anxiety is common in older people with vision impairment and leads to further restriction of activity, reduced social contact and reduced quality of life. Possible mechanisms to reduce activity restriction and therefore improve mobility and activity include environmental and behavioural interventions delivered by a number of health professionals, including occupational therapists.
- vision sciences
- physical activity
- health professionals
Skelton, D., Howe, T., Ballinger, C., Neil, F., Palmer, S., & Gray, L. (2013). Environmental and behavioural interventions for reducing physical activity limitation in community-dwelling visually impaired older people. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 6, [CD009233]. https://doi.org/10.1002/14651858.CD009233.pub2