Entrepreneurship education in Brazil: Brazilian and Scottish approaches to policy and provision in vocational education

Adriano Stadler*, Anete Alberton, Anne Smith

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

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This paper examines entrepreneurship education (EE) in Brazil and Scotland and unpacks convergent and divergent practices in vocational education (VE). The authors evaluate access to EE in VE and suggest and how it might be advanced in Brazil.

The authors conducted an interpretative phenomenological analysis (IPA); interpretative analysis of interviewee experiences with 12 educationalists, in management and academic roles, from two Brazilian and two Scottish VE institutions, contextual findings inform advances.

In Scotland, there is a well-defined entrepreneurial ecosystem where government policy and partners support and monitor provision of and accessibility to EE. In Brazil, government does not regulate policy provision of EE, and there is no defined entrepreneurial ecosystem of partners. IPA enabled the authors to examine divergent entrepreneurial education provision and evaluate accessibility to EE in Brazil.

Research limitations/implications
Implications include ways to advance educational inclusivity and accessibility for VE students in Brazil and a call to address availability through policy is underpinned by empirical data. Contextual characteristics of the study might be considered limiting but address a broad call to contribute to EE in VE settings.

Practical implications
The findings of this study equip educationalists with new knowledge about advancing EE provision and delivery in VE, which in turn supports inclusivity.

The authors contribute directly to an agenda that will create impact for young Brazilians through accessible EE models that place EE in VE at the forefront of social change in Brazil.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)645-662
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of Small Business and Enterprise Development
Issue number4
Early online date16 Nov 2021
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jul 2022


  • entrepreneurial education
  • vocational education
  • accessibility
  • employability
  • work ready graduates
  • interpretative phenomenological analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Business, Management and Accounting (miscellaneous)
  • Strategy and Management


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