Models of spatial vision usually assume a ‘front-end’ of spatial-frequency and orientation selective channels. Subthreshold-summation studies have provided some of the strongest support for this notion. We applied a single-channel energy model and a multiple-channels probability-summation model to explore subthreshold-summation phenomena. We measured the contrast thresholds for detection of two superimposed Gabor patches as a function of the spatial-frequency and orientation difference between the components. The stimuli were centred 7.5 deg above the fixation point and were windowed by a Gaussian function with one of two different spatial spreads. We have shown that the spatial-frequency and orientation selectivity in subthreshold summation of Gabor patches is determined by the similarity (cross-correlation) between the stimulus components. A single-channel energy model as well as a multiple-channels probability-summation model could explain the summation data.
- orientation selectivity
- vision sciences
- spatial-frequency selectivity
- energy model