Energy intakes of children after preloads: adjustment, not compensation

Joanne E. Cecil, Colin N. Palmer, Wendy Wrieden, Inez Murrie, Caroline Bolton-Smith, Pete Watt, Deborah J. Wallis, Marion Hetherington

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Young children accurately compensate for energy-dense preloads consumed before test meals. The accuracy of compensation seems to deteriorate as a function of age. The hypothesis that accurate energy compensation varies by age, body mass index, and individual characteristics of children and their mothers was tested. Energy intake (EI) from a test meal was measured in 74 children aged 6–9 y 90 min after the ingestion of no-energy (NE), low-energy (LE), or high-energy (HE) preload snacks. The NE preload consisted of 250 mL water, the LE preload consisted of a 56-g muffin + a 250-mL orange drink (783 kJ), and the HE preload consisted of a 56-g muffin + a 250-mL orange drink (1628 kJ).

Original languageEnglish
JournalAmerican Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2005

Keywords

  • eating behavior
  • energy compensation
  • food intake

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