Energy intakes of children after preloads: adjustment, not compensation

Joanne E. Cecil, Colin N. Palmer, Wendy Wrieden, Inez Murrie, Caroline Bolton-Smith, Pete Watt, Deborah J. Wallis, Marion Hetherington

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Young children accurately compensate for energy-dense preloads consumed before test meals. The accuracy of compensation seems to deteriorate as a function of age. The hypothesis that accurate energy compensation varies by age, body mass index, and individual characteristics of children and their mothers was tested. Energy intake (EI) from a test meal was measured in 74 children aged 6–9 y 90 min after the ingestion of no-energy (NE), low-energy (LE), or high-energy (HE) preload snacks. The NE preload consisted of 250 mL water, the LE preload consisted of a 56-g muffin + a 250-mL orange drink (783 kJ), and the HE preload consisted of a 56-g muffin + a 250-mL orange drink (1628 kJ).

Original languageEnglish
JournalAmerican Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2005

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Social Adjustment
Energy Intake
Meals
Snacks
Body Mass Index
Eating
Mothers
Water

Keywords

  • eating behavior
  • energy compensation
  • food intake

Cite this

Cecil, J. E., Palmer, C. N., Wrieden, W., Murrie, I., Bolton-Smith, C., Watt, P., ... Hetherington, M. (2005). Energy intakes of children after preloads: adjustment, not compensation. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition.
Cecil, Joanne E. ; Palmer, Colin N. ; Wrieden, Wendy ; Murrie, Inez ; Bolton-Smith, Caroline ; Watt, Pete ; Wallis, Deborah J. ; Hetherington, Marion. / Energy intakes of children after preloads: adjustment, not compensation. In: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 2005.
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abstract = "Young children accurately compensate for energy-dense preloads consumed before test meals. The accuracy of compensation seems to deteriorate as a function of age. The hypothesis that accurate energy compensation varies by age, body mass index, and individual characteristics of children and their mothers was tested. Energy intake (EI) from a test meal was measured in 74 children aged 6–9 y 90 min after the ingestion of no-energy (NE), low-energy (LE), or high-energy (HE) preload snacks. The NE preload consisted of 250 mL water, the LE preload consisted of a 56-g muffin + a 250-mL orange drink (783 kJ), and the HE preload consisted of a 56-g muffin + a 250-mL orange drink (1628 kJ).",
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Cecil, JE, Palmer, CN, Wrieden, W, Murrie, I, Bolton-Smith, C, Watt, P, Wallis, DJ & Hetherington, M 2005, 'Energy intakes of children after preloads: adjustment, not compensation', American Journal of Clinical Nutrition.

Energy intakes of children after preloads: adjustment, not compensation. / Cecil, Joanne E.; Palmer, Colin N.; Wrieden, Wendy; Murrie, Inez; Bolton-Smith, Caroline; Watt, Pete; Wallis, Deborah J.; Hetherington, Marion.

In: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 01.08.2005.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Energy intakes of children after preloads: adjustment, not compensation

AU - Cecil, Joanne E.

AU - Palmer, Colin N.

AU - Wrieden, Wendy

AU - Murrie, Inez

AU - Bolton-Smith, Caroline

AU - Watt, Pete

AU - Wallis, Deborah J.

AU - Hetherington, Marion

N1 - Originally published in: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition (2005), 82 (2), pp.302-308.

PY - 2005/8/1

Y1 - 2005/8/1

N2 - Young children accurately compensate for energy-dense preloads consumed before test meals. The accuracy of compensation seems to deteriorate as a function of age. The hypothesis that accurate energy compensation varies by age, body mass index, and individual characteristics of children and their mothers was tested. Energy intake (EI) from a test meal was measured in 74 children aged 6–9 y 90 min after the ingestion of no-energy (NE), low-energy (LE), or high-energy (HE) preload snacks. The NE preload consisted of 250 mL water, the LE preload consisted of a 56-g muffin + a 250-mL orange drink (783 kJ), and the HE preload consisted of a 56-g muffin + a 250-mL orange drink (1628 kJ).

AB - Young children accurately compensate for energy-dense preloads consumed before test meals. The accuracy of compensation seems to deteriorate as a function of age. The hypothesis that accurate energy compensation varies by age, body mass index, and individual characteristics of children and their mothers was tested. Energy intake (EI) from a test meal was measured in 74 children aged 6–9 y 90 min after the ingestion of no-energy (NE), low-energy (LE), or high-energy (HE) preload snacks. The NE preload consisted of 250 mL water, the LE preload consisted of a 56-g muffin + a 250-mL orange drink (783 kJ), and the HE preload consisted of a 56-g muffin + a 250-mL orange drink (1628 kJ).

KW - eating behavior

KW - energy compensation

KW - food intake

M3 - Article

JO - American Journal of Clinical Nutrition

JF - American Journal of Clinical Nutrition

SN - 0002-9165

ER -

Cecil JE, Palmer CN, Wrieden W, Murrie I, Bolton-Smith C, Watt P et al. Energy intakes of children after preloads: adjustment, not compensation. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 2005 Aug 1.