Embracing additive manufacture: implications for foot and ankle orthosis design

Scott Telfer, Jari H.P. Pallari, Javier Munguia, Kenneth W. Dalgarno, Martin McGeough, James Woodburn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

78 Citations (Scopus)
174 Downloads (Pure)


The design of foot and ankle orthoses is currently limited by the methods used to fabricate the devices, particularly in terms of geometric freedom and potential to include innovative new features. Additive manufacturing (AM) technologies, where objects are constructed via a series of sub-millimetre layers of a substrate material, may present the opportunity to overcome these limitations and allow novel devices to be produced that are highly personalised for the individual, both in terms of fit and functionality. Two novel devices, a foot orthosis (FO) designed to include adjustable elements to relieve pressure at the metatarsal heads, and an ankle foot orthosis (AFO) designed to have adjustable stiffness levels in the sagittal plane, were developed and fabricated using AM.
Original languageEnglish
Article number84
JournalBMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
Issue number1
Early online date29 May 2012
Publication statusPublished - 2012


  • additive manufacture
  • 3D printing
  • biomechanics
  • ankle-foot orthoses


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