Elder abuse vulnerability and risk factors: is financial abuse different from other subtypes?

Silvia Fraga Dominguez*, Bee Ozguler, Jennifer E. Storey, Michaela Rogers

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)
91 Downloads (Pure)


Elder abuse (EA) affects one in six older adults, and financial EA, a common subtype, severely impacts victims and society. Understanding victim vulnerability and perpetrator risk factors is essential to EA prevention and management. The limited existing evidence about these factors in relation to EA types suggests that financial EA is different. In a cross-sectional quantitative analysis of secondary data (N = 1,238), we investigated EA vulnerability and risk factors, and victim–perpetrator family relationship, with respect to different EA types (financial only, financial co-occurring with other types, and nonfinancial abuse). Financial abuse-only cases had the lowest prevalence of vulnerability and risk factors. Most of these factors, and a familial relationship, were significantly more common in cases involving other EA types. Findings indicate that financial abuse, occurring in isolation, is distinct from other EA types. Risk assessment and future research should consider financial abuse separately to other EA forms.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)928-939
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Applied Gerontology
Issue number4
Early online date7 Aug 2021
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2022


  • aged
  • management
  • elder mistreatment
  • poly-victimization
  • material abuse
  • prevention
  • prevalence
  • cross-sectional studies
  • aggression
  • elder Abuse
  • humans
  • risk factors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geriatrics and Gerontology
  • Gerontology


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