Effect of superabsorbent polymers on plastic shrinkage cracking and properties of fresh state mortars reinforced by polymeric fibres

Rohollah Rostami, Agnieszka J. Klemm

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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Abstract

Superabsorbent polymers (SAPs) in cementitious materials can be successfully used as internal curing agents by providing continuous supply of water for hydration processes. The kinetics of absorption and desorption of water play a critical role in formation of dense and uniform microstructure and hence significantly influence long term durability and sustainability of mortars. However, the effect of SAPs on shrinkage cracking in early age fibre reinforced mortars (FRM) still remains unclear and deficient. The current study aims to address this issue by evaluating the effect of SAPs on plastic shrinkage cracking in cementitious mortars reinforced by polymeric fibre and made with three types of cement (CEM I–PC, CEM II –FA and CEM III–GGBS). The plastic shrinkage cracking was analysed by the optical microscopy according to ASTM C1579-13 standard. Fresh state properties were characterised by flow table, air content and setting time tests. The results showed that SAPs significantly reduce development of plastic shrinkage cracking and enhance its serviceability. It was also found that the fresh state properties of fibre reinforced mortars with different type of cements are strongly affected by different SAPs as governed by their particles size and absorption/desorption kinetics.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the International Conference on Sustainable Materials, Systems and Structures (SMSS2019)
Subtitle of host publicationNew Generation of Construction Materials
EditorsMarijana Serdar, Nina Štirmer, John Provis
Place of PublicationParis
PublisherRILEM
Pages614-621
Number of pages8
ISBN (Electronic)9782351582183
ISBN (Print)9782351582176, 9782351582237
Publication statusPublished - 22 Mar 2019

Publication series

Name
ISSN (Print)1461-1147

Fingerprint

Mortar
Plastics
Fibers
Polymers
Desorption
Cements
Kinetics
Hydration
Optical microscopy
Curing
Sustainable development
Water
Durability
Particle size
Microstructure
Air

Keywords

  • superabsorbent polymers
  • fibre reinforced mortars
  • plastic shrinkage
  • fresh state properties

Cite this

Rostami, R., & Klemm, A. J. (2019). Effect of superabsorbent polymers on plastic shrinkage cracking and properties of fresh state mortars reinforced by polymeric fibres. In M. Serdar, N. Štirmer, & J. Provis (Eds.), Proceedings of the International Conference on Sustainable Materials, Systems and Structures (SMSS2019): New Generation of Construction Materials (pp. 614-621). Paris: RILEM.
Rostami, Rohollah ; Klemm, Agnieszka J. / Effect of superabsorbent polymers on plastic shrinkage cracking and properties of fresh state mortars reinforced by polymeric fibres. Proceedings of the International Conference on Sustainable Materials, Systems and Structures (SMSS2019): New Generation of Construction Materials. editor / Marijana Serdar ; Nina Štirmer ; John Provis. Paris : RILEM, 2019. pp. 614-621
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abstract = "Superabsorbent polymers (SAPs) in cementitious materials can be successfully used as internal curing agents by providing continuous supply of water for hydration processes. The kinetics of absorption and desorption of water play a critical role in formation of dense and uniform microstructure and hence significantly influence long term durability and sustainability of mortars. However, the effect of SAPs on shrinkage cracking in early age fibre reinforced mortars (FRM) still remains unclear and deficient. The current study aims to address this issue by evaluating the effect of SAPs on plastic shrinkage cracking in cementitious mortars reinforced by polymeric fibre and made with three types of cement (CEM I–PC, CEM II –FA and CEM III–GGBS). The plastic shrinkage cracking was analysed by the optical microscopy according to ASTM C1579-13 standard. Fresh state properties were characterised by flow table, air content and setting time tests. The results showed that SAPs significantly reduce development of plastic shrinkage cracking and enhance its serviceability. It was also found that the fresh state properties of fibre reinforced mortars with different type of cements are strongly affected by different SAPs as governed by their particles size and absorption/desorption kinetics.",
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Rostami, R & Klemm, AJ 2019, Effect of superabsorbent polymers on plastic shrinkage cracking and properties of fresh state mortars reinforced by polymeric fibres. in M Serdar, N Štirmer & J Provis (eds), Proceedings of the International Conference on Sustainable Materials, Systems and Structures (SMSS2019): New Generation of Construction Materials. RILEM, Paris, pp. 614-621.

Effect of superabsorbent polymers on plastic shrinkage cracking and properties of fresh state mortars reinforced by polymeric fibres. / Rostami, Rohollah ; Klemm, Agnieszka J.

Proceedings of the International Conference on Sustainable Materials, Systems and Structures (SMSS2019): New Generation of Construction Materials. ed. / Marijana Serdar; Nina Štirmer; John Provis. Paris : RILEM, 2019. p. 614-621.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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T1 - Effect of superabsorbent polymers on plastic shrinkage cracking and properties of fresh state mortars reinforced by polymeric fibres

AU - Rostami, Rohollah

AU - Klemm, Agnieszka J.

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PY - 2019/3/22

Y1 - 2019/3/22

N2 - Superabsorbent polymers (SAPs) in cementitious materials can be successfully used as internal curing agents by providing continuous supply of water for hydration processes. The kinetics of absorption and desorption of water play a critical role in formation of dense and uniform microstructure and hence significantly influence long term durability and sustainability of mortars. However, the effect of SAPs on shrinkage cracking in early age fibre reinforced mortars (FRM) still remains unclear and deficient. The current study aims to address this issue by evaluating the effect of SAPs on plastic shrinkage cracking in cementitious mortars reinforced by polymeric fibre and made with three types of cement (CEM I–PC, CEM II –FA and CEM III–GGBS). The plastic shrinkage cracking was analysed by the optical microscopy according to ASTM C1579-13 standard. Fresh state properties were characterised by flow table, air content and setting time tests. The results showed that SAPs significantly reduce development of plastic shrinkage cracking and enhance its serviceability. It was also found that the fresh state properties of fibre reinforced mortars with different type of cements are strongly affected by different SAPs as governed by their particles size and absorption/desorption kinetics.

AB - Superabsorbent polymers (SAPs) in cementitious materials can be successfully used as internal curing agents by providing continuous supply of water for hydration processes. The kinetics of absorption and desorption of water play a critical role in formation of dense and uniform microstructure and hence significantly influence long term durability and sustainability of mortars. However, the effect of SAPs on shrinkage cracking in early age fibre reinforced mortars (FRM) still remains unclear and deficient. The current study aims to address this issue by evaluating the effect of SAPs on plastic shrinkage cracking in cementitious mortars reinforced by polymeric fibre and made with three types of cement (CEM I–PC, CEM II –FA and CEM III–GGBS). The plastic shrinkage cracking was analysed by the optical microscopy according to ASTM C1579-13 standard. Fresh state properties were characterised by flow table, air content and setting time tests. The results showed that SAPs significantly reduce development of plastic shrinkage cracking and enhance its serviceability. It was also found that the fresh state properties of fibre reinforced mortars with different type of cements are strongly affected by different SAPs as governed by their particles size and absorption/desorption kinetics.

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BT - Proceedings of the International Conference on Sustainable Materials, Systems and Structures (SMSS2019)

A2 - Serdar, Marijana

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CY - Paris

ER -

Rostami R, Klemm AJ. Effect of superabsorbent polymers on plastic shrinkage cracking and properties of fresh state mortars reinforced by polymeric fibres. In Serdar M, Štirmer N, Provis J, editors, Proceedings of the International Conference on Sustainable Materials, Systems and Structures (SMSS2019): New Generation of Construction Materials. Paris: RILEM. 2019. p. 614-621