Effect of individual-level and socioeconomic factors on long-term survival after cataract surgery over a 30-year period

Claudia Geue, Sven Jonuscheit*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Purpose To evaluate survival and the risk for mortality after cataract surgery in relation to individual-level and socioeconomic factors in Scotland over 3 decades.SettingLinked healthcare data, United Kingdom.DesignRepresentative population-based study.MethodsA 5% random sample of Scottish decedents linked to hospital records (1981 to 2012) was assessed. Survival time, survival probability, and determinants of mortality were evaluated after the first and second recorded hospital episodes for cataract surgery. Cox proportional-hazards regression models were used to assess the effect of individual-level and socioeconomic factors including age, geographic location, socioeconomic status, and comorbidity on mortality.ResultsThe study evaluated linked administrative healthcare data from 9228 deceased patients who had cataract surgery. The mean survival time was 2383 days ± 1853 (SD). The survival probability decreased from 98% 90 days after surgery to 22% at 10 years, 2% at 20 years, and 0% after 30 years. The mean age was 77 ± 9 years. Age (hazard ratio [HR] 3.66; 95% confidence interval [CI], 2.97-3.80; P < .001) and severe comorbidity (HR 1.68; 95% CI, 1.47-1.91; P < .001) were associated with an increased risk for mortality; women had a 20% lower risk than men (HR 0.80; 95% CI, 0.76-0.83; P < .001). Socioeconomic status and rural geographic locations were not linked to mortality.ConclusionsLong-term survival after cataract surgery was determined by individual-level characteristics reflecting the mortality patterns of aging populations. The mortality risk was independent of socioeconomic and geographic factors per se.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)537-542
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
Volume43
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 30 Apr 2017

Keywords

  • socioeconomic factors
  • long-term survival
  • cataract surgery

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