The treatment of hospital effluents (HE) is a major concern, as they are suspected of disseminating drugs and antibiotic resistance determinants in the environment. In order to assess HE influence on wastewater treatment plant biomass, lab-scale conventional activated sludge systems (CAS) were continuously fed with real HE or urban effluent as a control. To gain insights into the main hurdles linked to HE treatment, we conducted a multiparameter study using classical physicochemical characterization, phase contrast and confocal laser scaning microscopy, and molecular biology (i.e. pyrosequencing) tools. HE caused erosion of floc structure and the production of extracellular polymeric substances attributed to the development of floc-forming bacteria.
- hospital effluents
- antibiotic resistance
- bacterial diversity
Stalder, T., Alrhmoun, M., Louvet, J-N., Casellas, M., Maftah, C., Carrion, C., Pons, M-N., Pahl, O., Ploy, M-C., & Dagot, C. (2013). Dynamic assessment of the floc morphology, bacterial diversity and integron content of an activated sludge reactor processing hospital effluent. Environmental Science and Technology, 47(14), 7909–7917. https://doi.org/10.1021/es4008646