In this paper, we introduce Dual-hop Spatial Modulation (Dh-SM). We look at the effect that Dh-SM has on the required signal to noise ratio (SNR) at the destination and how it can help alleviate the multi-hop burden. Initial bit-error-ratio (BER) results comparing the performance of Dh-SM with orthogonal decode-and-forward (DF) are presented where Dh-SM is shown to have up to a 10 dB SNR advantage.
- Dual-hop Spatial Modulation
- signal to noise ratio