Drop formation in rotating non-Newtonian jets with surfactants

Jamal Uddin*, Stephen P. Decent

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The industrial prilling process provides a quick and reliable method for producing small pellets. These pellets are usually solidified droplets formed by the break-up of rotating liquid jets, which are typically non-Newtonian. An understanding of the factors that control the size of these droplets is important in delivering high-quality monodisperse pellets and also eliminating waste. In this paper, we investigate the instability of a rotating non-Newtonian liquid jet and in particular, we examine the case where the jet has an initial layer of surfactant along its interface. We use an asymptotic method to reduce the governing equations into a set of 1D equations and we solve these equations using a second-order finite difference scheme in order to investigate break-up and droplet formation. The size of parasitic satellite droplets, which can lead to greater inefficiencies, are investigated for a number of different parameter values.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)86-96
Number of pages11
JournalIMA Journal of Applied Mathematics (Institute of Mathematics and Its Applications)
Volume77
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 24 Jan 2012
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • drop formation
  • break-up
  • instability
  • surfactants

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Mathematics

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