Diversity in ethnic minority businesses from rural and urban localities

David Deakins, Mohammed Ishaq, Geoffrey Whittam, Janette Wyper

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


    This paper builds upon previous work undertaken by the authors with EMBs in Scotland. The national scoping study on EMBs, undertaken by the authors for the Scottish executive, was carefully stratified to include EMB owners in the main city localities (Glasgow, Edinburgh, Dundee and Aberdeen) and the experiences of those in other urban and rural areas of Scotland. The study revealed spatial diversity in the experiences of EMBs in different locations, with differences in rural compared to urban environments.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)177-192
    Number of pages15
    JournalInternational Journal of Entrepreneurship and Small Business
    Issue number2
    Publication statusPublished - 2010


    • spatial diversity
    • rural areas
    • urban location
    • ethnic minority businesses


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