Diet and physical activity levels among UK youth

K McAloney, H Graham, J Hall, C Law, L Platt, H Wardle

Research output: Contribution to journalMeeting abstract

Abstract

Background: Both physical activity levels and dietary behaviours have consistently been linked with the development of chronic disease, obesity and ill-health in both adult and youth samples. Nationally there are established recommendations of minimum levels of physical activity and fruit and vegetable consumption necessary to promote good health. Developing healthy behaviour is particularly important for young people, as adult behaviours that are detrimental or positive for health and well-being are often established in childhood and adolescence. This paper aims to investigate the prevalence of physical activity and fruit and vegetable consumption and to explore the co-occurrence of these behaviours among young people in the UK, using the newly available Understanding Society study.

Methods: This study is part of an ongoing secondary analysis of Understanding Society: The UK Household Longitudinal Study. The analysis sample consisted of 4,395 young people aged 10 - 15 living in the UK in 2009/2010 who participated in the first wave of the study. The prevalence of physical activity and fruit and vegetable consumption within the sample, and patterns of co-occurrence across the two behaviours, were explored descriptively. Multinomial regression models were estimated to investigate the social patterning of the health behaviour co-occurrence patterns, using socio-demographic characteristics of the young person and mother.

Results: 85.2% of young people did not meet the government recommendation for fruit and vegetable consumption, reporting less than 5 portions of fruit and vegetable daily. 70.6% of young people did not meet the recommendation for participation in daily physical activity. A small minority did not consume any fruits and vegetables (5.0%); and 6.4% reported participating in physical activity less often than weekly. On examining the patterns across combinations of the two behaviours, most young people did not meet both recommendations (62%), while only 6.1% of young people met both recommendations. Multinomial regression models indicated that gender, ethnicity and religion and socio-economic status were significantly associated with health behaviour patterns.

Conclusion: This paper presents an analysis of the most recently available health-risk behaviour data on children from all four countries of the UK. The results indicate that a high proportion of young people do not achieve levels of fruit and vegetable consumption or levels of participation in physical activity considered to be a minimum for good health, and these two behaviours tend to co-occur. The implications of these behaviour patterns and the associations with socio-demographic characteristics are discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)A6
Number of pages1
JournalJournal of Epidemiology and Community Health
Volume66
Issue numberS1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012

Fingerprint

Vegetables
Fruit
Exercise
Diet
Health
Health Behavior
Demography
Religion
Risk-Taking
Longitudinal Studies
Chronic Disease
Obesity
Economics
Mothers

Keywords

  • diet
  • physical activity
  • children
  • young people
  • health-risk behaviour data

Cite this

McAloney, K ; Graham, H ; Hall, J ; Law, C ; Platt, L ; Wardle, H. / Diet and physical activity levels among UK youth. In: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health. 2012 ; Vol. 66, No. S1. pp. A6.
@article{eadc677dc4ac419fa6ecab880d80d4ea,
title = "Diet and physical activity levels among UK youth",
abstract = "Background: Both physical activity levels and dietary behaviours have consistently been linked with the development of chronic disease, obesity and ill-health in both adult and youth samples. Nationally there are established recommendations of minimum levels of physical activity and fruit and vegetable consumption necessary to promote good health. Developing healthy behaviour is particularly important for young people, as adult behaviours that are detrimental or positive for health and well-being are often established in childhood and adolescence. This paper aims to investigate the prevalence of physical activity and fruit and vegetable consumption and to explore the co-occurrence of these behaviours among young people in the UK, using the newly available Understanding Society study.Methods: This study is part of an ongoing secondary analysis of Understanding Society: The UK Household Longitudinal Study. The analysis sample consisted of 4,395 young people aged 10 - 15 living in the UK in 2009/2010 who participated in the first wave of the study. The prevalence of physical activity and fruit and vegetable consumption within the sample, and patterns of co-occurrence across the two behaviours, were explored descriptively. Multinomial regression models were estimated to investigate the social patterning of the health behaviour co-occurrence patterns, using socio-demographic characteristics of the young person and mother.Results: 85.2{\%} of young people did not meet the government recommendation for fruit and vegetable consumption, reporting less than 5 portions of fruit and vegetable daily. 70.6{\%} of young people did not meet the recommendation for participation in daily physical activity. A small minority did not consume any fruits and vegetables (5.0{\%}); and 6.4{\%} reported participating in physical activity less often than weekly. On examining the patterns across combinations of the two behaviours, most young people did not meet both recommendations (62{\%}), while only 6.1{\%} of young people met both recommendations. Multinomial regression models indicated that gender, ethnicity and religion and socio-economic status were significantly associated with health behaviour patterns.Conclusion: This paper presents an analysis of the most recently available health-risk behaviour data on children from all four countries of the UK. The results indicate that a high proportion of young people do not achieve levels of fruit and vegetable consumption or levels of participation in physical activity considered to be a minimum for good health, and these two behaviours tend to co-occur. The implications of these behaviour patterns and the associations with socio-demographic characteristics are discussed.",
keywords = "diet, physical activity, children, young people, health-risk behaviour data",
author = "K McAloney and H Graham and J Hall and C Law and L Platt and H Wardle",
year = "2012",
doi = "10.1136/jech-2012-201753.013",
language = "English",
volume = "66",
pages = "A6",
journal = "Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health",
issn = "0143-005X",
publisher = "BMJ Publishing Group",
number = "S1",

}

Diet and physical activity levels among UK youth. / McAloney, K; Graham, H; Hall, J; Law, C; Platt, L; Wardle, H.

In: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, Vol. 66, No. S1, 2012, p. A6.

Research output: Contribution to journalMeeting abstract

TY - JOUR

T1 - Diet and physical activity levels among UK youth

AU - McAloney, K

AU - Graham, H

AU - Hall, J

AU - Law, C

AU - Platt, L

AU - Wardle, H

PY - 2012

Y1 - 2012

N2 - Background: Both physical activity levels and dietary behaviours have consistently been linked with the development of chronic disease, obesity and ill-health in both adult and youth samples. Nationally there are established recommendations of minimum levels of physical activity and fruit and vegetable consumption necessary to promote good health. Developing healthy behaviour is particularly important for young people, as adult behaviours that are detrimental or positive for health and well-being are often established in childhood and adolescence. This paper aims to investigate the prevalence of physical activity and fruit and vegetable consumption and to explore the co-occurrence of these behaviours among young people in the UK, using the newly available Understanding Society study.Methods: This study is part of an ongoing secondary analysis of Understanding Society: The UK Household Longitudinal Study. The analysis sample consisted of 4,395 young people aged 10 - 15 living in the UK in 2009/2010 who participated in the first wave of the study. The prevalence of physical activity and fruit and vegetable consumption within the sample, and patterns of co-occurrence across the two behaviours, were explored descriptively. Multinomial regression models were estimated to investigate the social patterning of the health behaviour co-occurrence patterns, using socio-demographic characteristics of the young person and mother.Results: 85.2% of young people did not meet the government recommendation for fruit and vegetable consumption, reporting less than 5 portions of fruit and vegetable daily. 70.6% of young people did not meet the recommendation for participation in daily physical activity. A small minority did not consume any fruits and vegetables (5.0%); and 6.4% reported participating in physical activity less often than weekly. On examining the patterns across combinations of the two behaviours, most young people did not meet both recommendations (62%), while only 6.1% of young people met both recommendations. Multinomial regression models indicated that gender, ethnicity and religion and socio-economic status were significantly associated with health behaviour patterns.Conclusion: This paper presents an analysis of the most recently available health-risk behaviour data on children from all four countries of the UK. The results indicate that a high proportion of young people do not achieve levels of fruit and vegetable consumption or levels of participation in physical activity considered to be a minimum for good health, and these two behaviours tend to co-occur. The implications of these behaviour patterns and the associations with socio-demographic characteristics are discussed.

AB - Background: Both physical activity levels and dietary behaviours have consistently been linked with the development of chronic disease, obesity and ill-health in both adult and youth samples. Nationally there are established recommendations of minimum levels of physical activity and fruit and vegetable consumption necessary to promote good health. Developing healthy behaviour is particularly important for young people, as adult behaviours that are detrimental or positive for health and well-being are often established in childhood and adolescence. This paper aims to investigate the prevalence of physical activity and fruit and vegetable consumption and to explore the co-occurrence of these behaviours among young people in the UK, using the newly available Understanding Society study.Methods: This study is part of an ongoing secondary analysis of Understanding Society: The UK Household Longitudinal Study. The analysis sample consisted of 4,395 young people aged 10 - 15 living in the UK in 2009/2010 who participated in the first wave of the study. The prevalence of physical activity and fruit and vegetable consumption within the sample, and patterns of co-occurrence across the two behaviours, were explored descriptively. Multinomial regression models were estimated to investigate the social patterning of the health behaviour co-occurrence patterns, using socio-demographic characteristics of the young person and mother.Results: 85.2% of young people did not meet the government recommendation for fruit and vegetable consumption, reporting less than 5 portions of fruit and vegetable daily. 70.6% of young people did not meet the recommendation for participation in daily physical activity. A small minority did not consume any fruits and vegetables (5.0%); and 6.4% reported participating in physical activity less often than weekly. On examining the patterns across combinations of the two behaviours, most young people did not meet both recommendations (62%), while only 6.1% of young people met both recommendations. Multinomial regression models indicated that gender, ethnicity and religion and socio-economic status were significantly associated with health behaviour patterns.Conclusion: This paper presents an analysis of the most recently available health-risk behaviour data on children from all four countries of the UK. The results indicate that a high proportion of young people do not achieve levels of fruit and vegetable consumption or levels of participation in physical activity considered to be a minimum for good health, and these two behaviours tend to co-occur. The implications of these behaviour patterns and the associations with socio-demographic characteristics are discussed.

KW - diet

KW - physical activity

KW - children

KW - young people

KW - health-risk behaviour data

U2 - 10.1136/jech-2012-201753.013

DO - 10.1136/jech-2012-201753.013

M3 - Meeting abstract

VL - 66

SP - A6

JO - Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health

JF - Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health

SN - 0143-005X

IS - S1

ER -