Development of a control system for a domestic grid-connected wind turbine

Michael Angus Adamson, Firdaus Muhammad-Sukki, Siti Hawa Abu-Bakar, Nur Fadilah Ab Aziz, Nazmi Sellami, Draco Iyi, Roberto Ramirez-Iniguez, Nurul Aini Bani, Abdullahi Abubakar Mas Ud, Abu Bakar Munir, Siti Hajar Mohd Yasin

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

    157 Downloads (Pure)


    In the United Kingdom (UK), homeowners who
    install grid connected renewable energy sources receive a threefold benefit. They can use the electricity generated by the source, they enjoy reduced household bills and they can also
    receive Feed-in Tariff payments from the UK government. Tariffs are paid for generating electricity and for exporting electricity back to the grid. Savings can be maximised by correctly managing the ratio of number of units consumed by the homeowner to the number of units exported to the grid. In order to achieve a low percentage export situation, it was postulated that a control system would be needed. This paper proposed a control system for a small wind turbine based on an Arduino Uno microcontroller. The system was designed and built in order to evaluate its effectiveness. Results showed that the control system
    was effective in ensuring a low percentage export. When immediate domestic demand was met, surplus electricity was diverted to a storage circuit. Only as a last resort, when domestic
    and storage demand was met, was electricity exported. A cost analysis of the system showed that having a control system incorporated as part of the wind turbine installation could lead to savings of more than £12,000 over the life of the product.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationPACE International Conference on Science and Technology
    Place of PublicationPenang, Malaysia
    Publication statusPublished - 25 Jul 2017


    • renewable energy
    • wind turbine
    • control system


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