Development of a control system for a domestic grid-connected wind turbine

Michael Angus Adamson, Firdaus Muhammad-Sukki, Siti Hawa Abu-Bakar, Nur Fadilah Ab Aziz, Nazmi Sellami, Draco Iyi, Roberto Ramirez-Iniguez, Nurul Aini Bani, Abdullahi Abubakar Mas Ud, Abu Bakar Munir, Siti Hajar Mohd Yasin

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

    26 Downloads (Pure)

    Abstract

    In the United Kingdom (UK), homeowners who
    install grid connected renewable energy sources receive a threefold benefit. They can use the electricity generated by the source, they enjoy reduced household bills and they can also
    receive Feed-in Tariff payments from the UK government. Tariffs are paid for generating electricity and for exporting electricity back to the grid. Savings can be maximised by correctly managing the ratio of number of units consumed by the homeowner to the number of units exported to the grid. In order to achieve a low percentage export situation, it was postulated that a control system would be needed. This paper proposed a control system for a small wind turbine based on an Arduino Uno microcontroller. The system was designed and built in order to evaluate its effectiveness. Results showed that the control system
    was effective in ensuring a low percentage export. When immediate domestic demand was met, surplus electricity was diverted to a storage circuit. Only as a last resort, when domestic
    and storage demand was met, was electricity exported. A cost analysis of the system showed that having a control system incorporated as part of the wind turbine installation could lead to savings of more than £12,000 over the life of the product.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationPACE International Conference on Science and Technology
    Place of PublicationPenang, Malaysia
    Publication statusPublished - 25 Jul 2017

    Fingerprint

    Wind turbines
    Electricity
    Control systems
    Microcontrollers
    Networks (circuits)
    Costs

    Keywords

    • renewable energy
    • wind turbine
    • control system

    Cite this

    Adamson, M. A., Muhammad-Sukki, F., Abu-Bakar, S. H., Ab Aziz, N. F., Sellami, N., Iyi, D., ... Yasin, S. H. M. (2017). Development of a control system for a domestic grid-connected wind turbine. In PACE International Conference on Science and Technology Penang, Malaysia.
    Adamson, Michael Angus ; Muhammad-Sukki, Firdaus ; Abu-Bakar, Siti Hawa ; Ab Aziz, Nur Fadilah ; Sellami, Nazmi ; Iyi, Draco ; Ramirez-Iniguez, Roberto ; Bani, Nurul Aini ; Mas Ud, Abdullahi Abubakar ; Munir, Abu Bakar ; Yasin, Siti Hajar Mohd . / Development of a control system for a domestic grid-connected wind turbine. PACE International Conference on Science and Technology. Penang, Malaysia, 2017.
    @inproceedings{6ef638aeb2df4f2a9eb9bbc6507241cd,
    title = "Development of a control system for a domestic grid-connected wind turbine",
    abstract = "In the United Kingdom (UK), homeowners whoinstall grid connected renewable energy sources receive a threefold benefit. They can use the electricity generated by the source, they enjoy reduced household bills and they can alsoreceive Feed-in Tariff payments from the UK government. Tariffs are paid for generating electricity and for exporting electricity back to the grid. Savings can be maximised by correctly managing the ratio of number of units consumed by the homeowner to the number of units exported to the grid. In order to achieve a low percentage export situation, it was postulated that a control system would be needed. This paper proposed a control system for a small wind turbine based on an Arduino Uno microcontroller. The system was designed and built in order to evaluate its effectiveness. Results showed that the control systemwas effective in ensuring a low percentage export. When immediate domestic demand was met, surplus electricity was diverted to a storage circuit. Only as a last resort, when domesticand storage demand was met, was electricity exported. A cost analysis of the system showed that having a control system incorporated as part of the wind turbine installation could lead to savings of more than £12,000 over the life of the product.",
    keywords = "renewable energy, wind turbine, control system",
    author = "Adamson, {Michael Angus} and Firdaus Muhammad-Sukki and Abu-Bakar, {Siti Hawa} and {Ab Aziz}, {Nur Fadilah} and Nazmi Sellami and Draco Iyi and Roberto Ramirez-Iniguez and Bani, {Nurul Aini} and {Mas Ud}, {Abdullahi Abubakar} and Munir, {Abu Bakar} and Yasin, {Siti Hajar Mohd}",
    note = "Acceptance in SAN; pub date confirmed by author No DOI available Unknown publisher and policy - query to author (conference email: picost@uum.edu.my) 10-1-18 In the meantime file is public and added avail. info. Exception (email in SAN ^Exception valid (library exception review, October 2018) Note - in RGU repository but also non-compliant (deposited 16-1-18) confirmed 8/11/18",
    year = "2017",
    month = "7",
    day = "25",
    language = "English",
    booktitle = "PACE International Conference on Science and Technology",

    }

    Adamson, MA, Muhammad-Sukki, F, Abu-Bakar, SH, Ab Aziz, NF, Sellami, N, Iyi, D, Ramirez-Iniguez, R, Bani, NA, Mas Ud, AA, Munir, AB & Yasin, SHM 2017, Development of a control system for a domestic grid-connected wind turbine. in PACE International Conference on Science and Technology. Penang, Malaysia.

    Development of a control system for a domestic grid-connected wind turbine. / Adamson, Michael Angus; Muhammad-Sukki, Firdaus; Abu-Bakar, Siti Hawa; Ab Aziz, Nur Fadilah; Sellami, Nazmi; Iyi, Draco; Ramirez-Iniguez, Roberto; Bani, Nurul Aini; Mas Ud, Abdullahi Abubakar; Munir, Abu Bakar ; Yasin, Siti Hajar Mohd .

    PACE International Conference on Science and Technology. Penang, Malaysia, 2017.

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

    TY - GEN

    T1 - Development of a control system for a domestic grid-connected wind turbine

    AU - Adamson, Michael Angus

    AU - Muhammad-Sukki, Firdaus

    AU - Abu-Bakar, Siti Hawa

    AU - Ab Aziz, Nur Fadilah

    AU - Sellami, Nazmi

    AU - Iyi, Draco

    AU - Ramirez-Iniguez, Roberto

    AU - Bani, Nurul Aini

    AU - Mas Ud, Abdullahi Abubakar

    AU - Munir, Abu Bakar

    AU - Yasin, Siti Hajar Mohd

    N1 - Acceptance in SAN; pub date confirmed by author No DOI available Unknown publisher and policy - query to author (conference email: picost@uum.edu.my) 10-1-18 In the meantime file is public and added avail. info. Exception (email in SAN ^Exception valid (library exception review, October 2018) Note - in RGU repository but also non-compliant (deposited 16-1-18) confirmed 8/11/18

    PY - 2017/7/25

    Y1 - 2017/7/25

    N2 - In the United Kingdom (UK), homeowners whoinstall grid connected renewable energy sources receive a threefold benefit. They can use the electricity generated by the source, they enjoy reduced household bills and they can alsoreceive Feed-in Tariff payments from the UK government. Tariffs are paid for generating electricity and for exporting electricity back to the grid. Savings can be maximised by correctly managing the ratio of number of units consumed by the homeowner to the number of units exported to the grid. In order to achieve a low percentage export situation, it was postulated that a control system would be needed. This paper proposed a control system for a small wind turbine based on an Arduino Uno microcontroller. The system was designed and built in order to evaluate its effectiveness. Results showed that the control systemwas effective in ensuring a low percentage export. When immediate domestic demand was met, surplus electricity was diverted to a storage circuit. Only as a last resort, when domesticand storage demand was met, was electricity exported. A cost analysis of the system showed that having a control system incorporated as part of the wind turbine installation could lead to savings of more than £12,000 over the life of the product.

    AB - In the United Kingdom (UK), homeowners whoinstall grid connected renewable energy sources receive a threefold benefit. They can use the electricity generated by the source, they enjoy reduced household bills and they can alsoreceive Feed-in Tariff payments from the UK government. Tariffs are paid for generating electricity and for exporting electricity back to the grid. Savings can be maximised by correctly managing the ratio of number of units consumed by the homeowner to the number of units exported to the grid. In order to achieve a low percentage export situation, it was postulated that a control system would be needed. This paper proposed a control system for a small wind turbine based on an Arduino Uno microcontroller. The system was designed and built in order to evaluate its effectiveness. Results showed that the control systemwas effective in ensuring a low percentage export. When immediate domestic demand was met, surplus electricity was diverted to a storage circuit. Only as a last resort, when domesticand storage demand was met, was electricity exported. A cost analysis of the system showed that having a control system incorporated as part of the wind turbine installation could lead to savings of more than £12,000 over the life of the product.

    KW - renewable energy

    KW - wind turbine

    KW - control system

    M3 - Conference contribution

    BT - PACE International Conference on Science and Technology

    CY - Penang, Malaysia

    ER -

    Adamson MA, Muhammad-Sukki F, Abu-Bakar SH, Ab Aziz NF, Sellami N, Iyi D et al. Development of a control system for a domestic grid-connected wind turbine. In PACE International Conference on Science and Technology. Penang, Malaysia. 2017