Cross-sectional associations between personality traits and device-based measures of step count and sedentary behaviour in older age: the Lothian birth cohort 1936

Iva Cukic, Catharine R. Gale, Sebastien F.M. Chastin, Philippa M. Dall, Manon L. Dontje, Dawn A. Skelton, Ian J. Deary

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Abstract

Background: While the associations between personalitytraits and self-reported physical activity are well replicated, few studieshave examined the associations between personality and device-based measures of both physical activity andsedentary behaviour. Low levels of physical activity and high levels ofsedentary behaviour are known risk factors for poorer health outcomes in olderage. Methods: We used device-based measures of physical activity and sedentarybehaviour recorded over seven days in 271 79-year-old participants of theLothian Birth Cohort 1936. Linearregressionmodels were used to assess whether personality traits were cross-sectionallyassociated with step count, sedentary time, and the number of sit-to-standtransitions. Personality traits were entered one at a time, and all-together,controlling for age and sex in Model 1 and additionally for BMI and limitinglong-term illness in Model 2. Results: None of the associations between personality traits and measures of physicalactivity and sedentary behaviours remained significant after controlling formultiple-comparisons using the False Discovery Rate test (all ps > .07). Conclusions: We found no evidence that personality traits are associatedwith device-based measures of physical activity or sedentary behaviour inolder age. More studies are needed to replicate and examine the nature of theserelationships.
Original languageEnglish
JournalBMC Geriatrics
Volume19
Issue number302
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 10 Nov 2019

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Personality
Parturition
Equipment and Supplies
Health

Keywords

  • Seniors USP
  • sedentary behaviour
  • older adults
  • personality

Cite this

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title = "Cross-sectional associations between personality traits and device-based measures of step count and sedentary behaviour in older age: the Lothian birth cohort 1936",
abstract = "Background: While the associations between personalitytraits and self-reported physical activity are well replicated, few studieshave examined the associations between personality and device-based measures of both physical activity andsedentary behaviour. Low levels of physical activity and high levels ofsedentary behaviour are known risk factors for poorer health outcomes in olderage. Methods: We used device-based measures of physical activity and sedentarybehaviour recorded over seven days in 271 79-year-old participants of theLothian Birth Cohort 1936. Linearregressionmodels were used to assess whether personality traits were cross-sectionallyassociated with step count, sedentary time, and the number of sit-to-standtransitions. Personality traits were entered one at a time, and all-together,controlling for age and sex in Model 1 and additionally for BMI and limitinglong-term illness in Model 2. Results: None of the associations between personality traits and measures of physicalactivity and sedentary behaviours remained significant after controlling formultiple-comparisons using the False Discovery Rate test (all ps > .07). Conclusions: We found no evidence that personality traits are associatedwith device-based measures of physical activity or sedentary behaviour inolder age. More studies are needed to replicate and examine the nature of theserelationships.",
keywords = "Seniors USP , sedentary behaviour, older adults, personality",
author = "Iva Cukic and Gale, {Catharine R.} and Chastin, {Sebastien F.M.} and Dall, {Philippa M.} and Dontje, {Manon L.} and Skelton, {Dawn A.} and Deary, {Ian J.}",
note = "OA journal Acceptance in SAN Not yet published at 1/11/19 DC",
year = "2019",
month = "11",
day = "10",
doi = "10.1186/s12877-019-1328-3",
language = "English",
volume = "19",
journal = "BMC Geriatrics",
issn = "1471-2318",
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number = "302",

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TY - JOUR

T1 - Cross-sectional associations between personality traits and device-based measures of step count and sedentary behaviour in older age: the Lothian birth cohort 1936

AU - Cukic, Iva

AU - Gale, Catharine R.

AU - Chastin, Sebastien F.M.

AU - Dall, Philippa M.

AU - Dontje, Manon L.

AU - Skelton, Dawn A.

AU - Deary, Ian J.

N1 - OA journal Acceptance in SAN Not yet published at 1/11/19 DC

PY - 2019/11/10

Y1 - 2019/11/10

N2 - Background: While the associations between personalitytraits and self-reported physical activity are well replicated, few studieshave examined the associations between personality and device-based measures of both physical activity andsedentary behaviour. Low levels of physical activity and high levels ofsedentary behaviour are known risk factors for poorer health outcomes in olderage. Methods: We used device-based measures of physical activity and sedentarybehaviour recorded over seven days in 271 79-year-old participants of theLothian Birth Cohort 1936. Linearregressionmodels were used to assess whether personality traits were cross-sectionallyassociated with step count, sedentary time, and the number of sit-to-standtransitions. Personality traits were entered one at a time, and all-together,controlling for age and sex in Model 1 and additionally for BMI and limitinglong-term illness in Model 2. Results: None of the associations between personality traits and measures of physicalactivity and sedentary behaviours remained significant after controlling formultiple-comparisons using the False Discovery Rate test (all ps > .07). Conclusions: We found no evidence that personality traits are associatedwith device-based measures of physical activity or sedentary behaviour inolder age. More studies are needed to replicate and examine the nature of theserelationships.

AB - Background: While the associations between personalitytraits and self-reported physical activity are well replicated, few studieshave examined the associations between personality and device-based measures of both physical activity andsedentary behaviour. Low levels of physical activity and high levels ofsedentary behaviour are known risk factors for poorer health outcomes in olderage. Methods: We used device-based measures of physical activity and sedentarybehaviour recorded over seven days in 271 79-year-old participants of theLothian Birth Cohort 1936. Linearregressionmodels were used to assess whether personality traits were cross-sectionallyassociated with step count, sedentary time, and the number of sit-to-standtransitions. Personality traits were entered one at a time, and all-together,controlling for age and sex in Model 1 and additionally for BMI and limitinglong-term illness in Model 2. Results: None of the associations between personality traits and measures of physicalactivity and sedentary behaviours remained significant after controlling formultiple-comparisons using the False Discovery Rate test (all ps > .07). Conclusions: We found no evidence that personality traits are associatedwith device-based measures of physical activity or sedentary behaviour inolder age. More studies are needed to replicate and examine the nature of theserelationships.

KW - Seniors USP

KW - sedentary behaviour

KW - older adults

KW - personality

U2 - 10.1186/s12877-019-1328-3

DO - 10.1186/s12877-019-1328-3

M3 - Article

VL - 19

JO - BMC Geriatrics

JF - BMC Geriatrics

SN - 1471-2318

IS - 302

ER -