COVID-19 and the pivotal role of grandparents: childcare and income support in the UK and South Africa

Sara Cantillon*, Elena Moore, Nina Teasdale

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

34 Citations (Scopus)
119 Downloads (Pure)


The COVID-19 global crisis and the “stay-home” response taken by most governments has starkly exposed the dependence of formal economies on the invisible and unpaid care labor of women–a dependence that has intensified during the pandemic as public childcare provision and schools are shut and parents work from home. This article focuses specifically on the childcare and income support provided by grandparents in the United Kingdom and South Africa. In undertaking this comparative analysis the study demonstrates the universality of intergenerational interdependence and the contextual specificity of grandparental childcare and income provision, as well as the differential impacts of suspending, or risking, such supports during the pandemic. Grandparents within and across households make substantial contributions to economic, social, and affective lives, and the study argues for greater recognition of these crucial contributions and the development of a more intersectional understanding of the provision of care work. HIGHLIGHTS COVID-19 has highlighted grandparents’ key contributions to society as part of intergenerational support. In the UK, suspension of grandparents’ informal childcare exposed gaps in formal childcare provision. In South Africa, grandparents maintained caregiving roles in multigenerational households, despite health risks. Grandparents’ contributions must be recognized, reevaluated, and reprioritized in government recovery planning.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)188-202
Number of pages15
JournalFeminist Economics
Issue number1-2
Early online date1 Mar 2021
Publication statusPublished - 3 Apr 2021


  • COVID-19
  • grandparents
  • gender
  • childcare
  • age
  • household income

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Economics and Econometrics
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Gender Studies
  • General Business,Management and Accounting


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