Convergence of public expenditure in UK territories

Stephen J. Bailey, L. Fingland

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


The paper compares the relative levels of total and per capita public expenditures in the four UK territories of England, Northern Ireland, Scotland and Wales between 1985/86 and 2000/01. It finds that the nature of convergence of per capita territorial public expenditures appears to contrast with the convergence of per capita comparable expenditures resulting from operation of the Barnett Formula. Rather than there being convergence towards comparable public spending per capita in England, as is theoretically the case in relation to the formula, total identifiable territorial public expenditures per capita in Northern Ireland and Wales have converged towards those of Scotland.

Original languageEnglish
JournalRegional Studies
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2004


  • Barnett Formula
  • public spending


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