Comparing performance on the months of the year backwards test in hospitalised patients with delirium, dementia and no cognitive impairment: an exploratory study

Wolfgang Hasemann*, Nikki Duncan, Caoimhe Clarke, Eva Nouzova, Lisa-Marie Sussenbach, Catriona Keerie, Valentina Assi, Christopher J. Weir, Jonathan Evans, Tim Walsh, Elizabeth Wilson, Tara Quasim, Duncan Middleton, Alexander J. Weir, Jennifer H. Barnett, David J. Stott, Alasdair M.J. MacLullich, Zoe Tieges

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

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Abstract

Aim: To investigate performance of the Months of the Year Backwards (MOTYB) test in older hospitalised patients with delirium, dementia, and no cognitive impairment. Findings: Half of the patients with delirium (46%) could not engage with MOTYB compared to only 11% of patients with dementia without delirium. In patients able to give responses, those with delirium or dementia performed significantly worse than those without cognitive impairment. Message: Our findings show the potential value of analysing response patterns, especially initial engagement, self-correction, and ability to continue to do the task in addition to considering exclusively the capacity to correctly recite the months until July, June or January.
Original languageEnglish
JournalEuropean Geriatric Medicine
Early online date22 Jun 2021
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 22 Jun 2021

Keywords

  • attention, cognitive dysfunction, delirium, dementia, case-control studies

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