Cognitive and affective components of challenge and threat states

Carla Meijen, Marc Jones, Paul McCarthy, David Sheffield, Mark Allen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

35 Citations (Scopus)


We explored the cognitive and affective components of the Theory of Challenge and Threat States in Athletes (TCTSA) using a cross-sectional design. One hundred and seventy-seven collegiate athletes indicated how they typically approached an important competition on measures of self-efficacy, perceived control, achievement goals, emotional states and interpretation of emotional states. Participants also indicated to what extent they typically perceived the important competition as a challenge and/or a threat. The results suggest that a perception of challenge was not predicted by any of the cognitive components.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)847-855
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Sports Sciences
Issue number8
Early online date20 Dec 2012
Publication statusPublished - 2013


  • sports psychology
  • competition
  • perception
  • challenge


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