Centrifugal pump condition monitoring and diagnosis using frequency domain analysis

Maamar Ali Saud Al Tobi*, Geraint Bevan, Peter Wallace, David Harrison, K. P. Ramachandran

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter (peer-reviewed)peer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


Centrifugal pumps are rotating machines which are widely used in process operations and other applications. Efficient and failure-free operation of these pumps is important for effective plant operation and productivity. However, the complexity of pumps, combined with continuous operation, can lead to failure and expensive maintenance requirements, thus motivating interest in on-line condition monitoring. This work investigates the application of frequency-domain analysis for classification of various centrifugal pump conditions. Seven conditions are considered, namely, healthy (non-faulty); five mechanical faults: misalignment, imbalance, faulty bearing, faulty impeller and mechanical looseness; and a hy-draulic fault: cavitation. A centrifugal pump test rig was built specifically for this research to simulate each fault condition and acquire the resulting vibration measurements. Signals are acquired from the pump using an accelerometer which is mounted on its bearing housing, and a data acquisition device (DAQ) is used to acquire the signals. Fast Fourier Transform (FFT) is used to analyze the signals using MATLAB, and the obtained results demonstrate the ability of FFT in detecting the pump’s conditions. However, the accuracy of detection for the non-stationary signals is shown to require further improvement, and alternate methods are suggested accordingly.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAdvances in Condition Monitoring of Machinery in Non-Stationary Operations
Subtitle of host publication Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on Condition Monitoring of Machinery in Non-Stationary Operations, CMMNO’2018, 20-22 June, 2018, Santander, Spain
EditorsAlfonso Fernandez Del Rincon, Fernando Viadero Rueda, Fakher Chaari, Radoslaw Zimroz, Mohamed Haddar
PublisherSpringer Nature
Number of pages10
ISBN (Electronic)9783030112202
ISBN (Print)9783030112196
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2019

Publication series

NameApplied Condition Monitoring
ISSN (Print)2363-698X


  • centrifugal pump
  • condition monitoring
  • Fast Fourier Transform (FFT)
  • data acquisition device (DAQ)
  • Centrifugal pump
  • Condition monitoring
  • Data Acquisition Device (DAQ)
  • Non-stationary signals

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • General Materials Science


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