Categorisation of organisation dualities using the Delphi technique

Roberto Biloslavo*, David Alex Edgar, Roland Rusjan

*Corresponding author for this work

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This paper presents the case of a non-traditional use of the Delphi method in order to explore organisational duality and reach a consensus on the 23 organisational dualities which allow for a classification into a three-tier organisational policy model (TTOP-model). The expert group was composed of seven experts from the field of management. The process ran for four rounds to reach the final consensus examining 25 dualities and eventually focusing them down to the final 23. In addition to their practical relevance of understanding the dualities, the findings also have implications for both the literature on strategic management and the paradox lens on organisational theory through an understanding of duality in terms of the TTOP model. This research not only advances conversations in strategic management but also helps to increase confidence when adopting the Delphi method for a wider recognition of the method within both interpretivist studies and paradox research.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages26
JournalJournal of Management & Organization
Early online date9 Nov 2022
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 9 Nov 2022


  • aspirational management
  • Delphi
  • dualities
  • strategic management


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