Carbon-Free, Poverty Free: Heating Options for Rural Scotland

Keith Baker, Ronald Mould, Craig Dalzell, Robin McAlpine, Jonathon Shafi

Research output: Book/ReportCommissioned report


The need for Scotland to decarbonise its energy network – across electricity, heat and transport – is becoming increasingly urgent in the face of the looming “climate emergency”. The Committee on Climate Change has recommended that Scotland sets a target for achieving net zero greenhouse gas emissions by 2045.
In recent years Scotland has made substantial progress towards the complete decarbonisation of its electricity supply with over 50% of electricity generated in Scotland now produced from renewable sources.
However, electricity only makes up around 24% of total energy demand in Scotland. Heating is currently the largest draw on energy demand in Scotland – around 55% of all energy use – and less than 6% of non-electrical heating is derived from renewable sources – well below the EU average of 19.5%.
This Common Weal policy paper was commissioned by Calor as a review of the evidence relating to a number of key questions and issues raised by the Scottish Government’s policies and proposals for decarbonising heating and addressing fuel poverty in off-gas areas, with a particular focus on rural and island areas.
Original languageEnglish
PublisherCommon Weal
Commissioning bodyCalor Gas Ltd.
Publication statusPublished - 17 Jun 2019


  • energy
  • heat
  • rural


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