Brexit, division and individual solidarity: what future for Europe? Evidence from eight European countries

Simone Baglioni*, Olga Biosca , Tom Montgomery

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

Solidarity among member states, one of the European Union’s (EU) fundamental values, has recently been put to the test by numerous and diverse challenges that have led to a “crisis of solidarity.” In the United Kingdom, the decision in June 2016 by the electorate to vote to leave the EU revealed the British dimension of this crisis. However, little is known about the perceptions of other European citizens on this decision, even though it has contributed to shaping the present and future of the EU. In this article, using a representative survey conducted in eight European countries, including the United Kingdom, we aim to explore and contrast cross-country evidence on individual perceptions on Brexit. We then aim to establish if an association exists between the opinions on Brexit and the individual solidaristic attitudes and concrete behaviors of the survey respondents. The complex relationship between opinions on this event and expressions of solidarity at different levels (local, national, European, and beyond) will be explored using multivariate regression techniques as well as the demographic and socioeconomic characteristics of the survey respondents.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)538-550
Number of pages13
JournalAmerican Behavioral Scientist
Volume63
Issue number4
Early online date19 Mar 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2019

Keywords

  • Brexit
  • European Union
  • solidarity
  • free movement
  • globalisation

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