Breaking sedentary behaviour has the potential to increase / maintain function in frail older adults

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objectives: This pilot study aimed to evaluate the effect of a sedentary behaviour (SB) reduction intervention (Stomp Out (Prolonged) Sitting (SOS)) in frail older adults.Methods: Participants (>65years) were recruited from sheltered housing complexes and randomized into 2 groups. On weeks 2, 6 and 10 both groups had face-to-face 40min motivational sessions, including feedback on physical function and SB. One group had the addition of real-time tactile feedback on sitting. Total sedentary time and patterns of SB were recorded by activPAL, along with validated measures of function: Timed Up and Go (TUG), Sit-to-Stand (STS) and balance tests. Outcomes were analyzed by intention-to-treat mixed model analysis.Results: Twenty-three participants started the SOS intervention. Health issues led to high attrition in this frail population. TUG (4 seconds faster) and STS (>2 rises more in 30 seconds) scores improved significantly in both groups. There were no significant changes in SB parameters.Conclusion: Motivational interviewing alongside functional test feedback, visual and real-time feedback on SB improved physical function over the study. This pilot study suggests that sit-to-stand transitions to break prolonged sitting time may help reduce frailty and functional decline in people who are often unable to engage in more intense exercise interventions.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)26-34
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Frailty, Sarcopenia and Falls
Volume3
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 31 Mar 2018

Keywords

  • sedentary behavior, sitting time, physical function, frailty, older adults

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