Beyond virtual inclusion: communications inclusion and digital divisions

Stephen Sinclair, Glen Bramley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

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Access to and engagement with information and communications technologies (ICTs) are increasingly important aspects of social inclusion. This paper draws upon analyses of UK survey data and a review of research on communications and social exclusion published in the UK between 2001 - 2006 to examine the social distribution of access to and uptake of ICTs, and explore key factors restricting the digital engagement of young people from lower income households and communities. It argues that effective strategies to bridge digital divisions in the UK must pay more attention to the social rather than technological barriers which inhibit communications inclusion.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-11
Number of pages11
JournalSocial Policy and Society
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2011


  • social exclusion
  • communication
  • digital divide


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