Application of super absorbent polymers (SAP) in concrete construction—update of RILEM state-of-the-art report

Viktor Mechtcherine*, Mateusz Wyrzykowski, Christof Schroefl, Didier Schnoeck, Pietro Lura, Nele De Belie, Arn Mignon, Sandra Van Vlierberghe, Agnieszka J. Klemm, Fernando C.R. Almeida, Jose Roberto Tenorio Filho, William Peter Boshoff, Hans Wolf Reinhardt, Shin-ichi Igarashi

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

35 Citations (Scopus)
306 Downloads (Pure)


Superabsorbent polymers (SAP) are a new, promising class of chemical admixtures which offer new possibilities in respect of influencing the properties of cement-based materials in the fresh, hardening, and hardened states. Much research work has been done in the last two decades to set the stage for introducing this truly multipurpose agent into the practice of construction. In particular, three RILEM Technical Committees: 196-ICC, 225-SAP and 260-RSC contributed considerably to the related progress by coordinating and combining the efforts of international experts in the field. The major product of the RILEM TC 225-SAP work was the State-of-the-Art Report published in 2012. This comprehensive document covered all topics relevant to the application of SAP as a concrete admixture. Since then further important progress has been made in understanding the working mechanisms of SAP in concrete and the effects of SAP-addition on various concrete properties. The article at hand presents an update on the state-of-the-art and is the concluding document delivered by the RILEM TC 260-RSC.
Original languageEnglish
Article number80
Number of pages20
JournalMaterials and Structures
Publication statusPublished - 25 Mar 2021


  • concrete admixture, superabsorbent polymer, microstructure, rheology, shrinkage, mechanical properties, durability, applications

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Building and Construction
  • Civil and Structural Engineering


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