Analysis of HVDC superimposed harmonic voltage effects on partial discharge behavior in solid dielectric media

Mohammad Azizian Fard, Alistair Reid, Donald Hepburn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


This paper presents an investigation of effects of high voltage direct current (HVDC) superimposed voltage harmonics on partial discharge (PD) behavior. Firstly, a single air filled void embedded in a slab of polymeric insulation was modeled using finite element methods (FEM). PD phenomena activated under the influence of rippled DC voltages were simulated using an interlinked environment of MATLAB and multiphysics simulation package COMSOL. Secondly, the results of the modeling were backed up by experimental tests, where HVDC superimposed harmonics were applied to artificial void samples in the lab and trends in the resultant PD characterized with varying harmonic orders and amplitudes. The results of both modeling and experiment are generally in agreement showing that as the harmonic orders and levels increase, the repetition rate of PD pulses rises in comparison to a purely DC applied voltage having the same peak amplitude. The findings of this study will assist in understanding of PD behavior under HVDC conditions where harmonic rippling occurs on the voltage waveform.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7-16
Number of pages10
JournalIEEE Transactions on Dielectrics and Electrical Insulation
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 7 Mar 2017



  • HVDC
  • voltage
  • partial discharge
  • solid dielectric media

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