Many metal-manufacturing industries include oxyfuel cutting among their manufacturing processes because cutting and welding are often required in metal-cutting processes, specifically in the fabrication of pressure vessels and storage tanks. The oxyfuel cutting process uses controlled chemical reactions to remove preheated metal by rapid oxidation in a stream of pure oxygen. Previous research has demonstrated that metal cutting surfaces varied depending on the gas used for the combustion as well as the cutting speed (Vc) used during the process. In this research, AISI 1045 carbon steel was cut using an oxyacetylene and an oxypropane cutting process. Different tests, such as surface roughness, cut drag displacement, groove width, microhardness, and microstructure, were used to analyze the influence of the Vc and the combustion flame (oxyacetylene and oxypropane). The results showed, in general, better cut surfaces when using propane gas. Also, it was demonstrated that oxyacetylene cutting is almost 85% more expensive than oxypropane cutting.
- oxyfuel gas cutting