An evaluation of modified µ-Law companding to reduce the PAPR of OFDM systems

Athinarayanan Vallavaraj, Brian G. Stewart, David K. Harrison

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19 Citations (Scopus)


High peak-to-average power ratio (PAPR) is a common problem in OFDM transmissions. This paper investigates the influence and effects of various µ-Law companding parameters to assist in reducing the high values of PAPR. Results for modified µ-Law companding, where the use of a further new companding profile parameter PR (peak ratio) is applied, are presented. Simulation studies of PAPR, bit-error-rate (BER) and power spectral density (PSD) are investigated as a function of µ and PR. It is shown that modified µ-Law companding significantly reduces PAPR, though marginally larger (0.5 dB) than normal µ-Law companding, and significantly improves BER to levels better than µ-Law companding. The spectral splatter due to companding is also evaluated and noted that the larger the companding profile, µ, the larger will be the sideband splatter. The results allow an optimum companding profile based on the use of both µ and PR to be chosen in relation to acceptable or desired PAPR and BER requirements. A brief evaluation of companding and selected mapping (SLM) in terms of PAPR reduction and BER is also presented.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)844-857
Number of pages14
JournalAEU - International Journal of Electronics and Communications
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2010


  • µ-Law companding
  • OFDM
  • BER
  • PAPR


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