Action research and participatory democracy in social enterprise

Janne Gleerup, Lars Hulgard, Simon Teasdale

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)
309 Downloads (Pure)


ABSTRACT Purpose: The purpose of this article is to introduce the reader to the Nordic tradition of Critical Utopian Action Research (CUAR) and to demonstrate how CUAR might reinvigorate participatory democracy as an intrinsic characteristic of social enterprise. This leads us to sketch out the beginnings of how researchers might work with communities to help realise their democratic impulses through social enterprise. Design / methodology: This article aims to synthesise Participatory Action Research literature, particularly CUAR, with literature on social enterprise and democracy to demonstrate how the two approaches might fruitfully be combined. Findings: We show how CUAR might be utilised by researchers, to articulate new social enterprise organizational responses to local problems; or to reinvigorate democracy within existing social enterprises. Originality / Value: This exploratory work marks (we believe) the first attempt to bring together social enterprise and CUAR.
Original languageEnglish
JournalSocial Enterprise Journal
Publication statusPublished - 3 Oct 2019


  • Action Research
  • social enterprise
  • normativity
  • participatory democracy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Business, Management and Accounting(all)
  • Social Sciences(all)


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