A study of the cleansing effect of precipitation and wind on polluted outdoor high voltage glass cap and pin insulator

Chibuike Ilomuanya, Azam Nekahi*, Shahab Farokhi

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

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Abstract

In this work, the extent of natural cleansing effect of rainfall, wind and fog or a combination of these on an insulator string were investigated. Results showed that pollution losses progress with time, with a considerable fraction of losses occurring within 15 minutes of testing. While wind alone played little or no role in surface cleansing, it increases the extent of cleansing by rainfall. The topsides of insulators were found to be more affected by natural cleansing compared to the underside. Equivalent Salt Deposit Density (ESDD) and Non-Soluble Deposit Density (NSDD) measurements were carried out. ESDD was found to be higher in the lower disc irrespective of the weather condition the insulator string has been subjected to. NSDD measurements established no pattern on how natural cleansing was impacted by disc position on a string, demonstrating the random nature of pollution-cleansing cycle of outdoor insulators. Insulator performance was assessed by high voltage AC tests and monitoring of partial discharge events using Radio Frequency antennas and a High Frequency Current Transformer (HFCT). Measured output by the HFCT showed that leakage current decreases uniformly with time, and the speed at which this occurs is an indication of the intensity of natural cleansing activity.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)20669-20676
Number of pages8
JournalIEEE Transactions on Dielectrics and Electrical Insulation
Volume10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2022

Keywords

  • flashover
  • insulators
  • partial discharges
  • pollution

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